China accounts for 21% of the world’s population (1300) and studies reported prevalence of IPV against women ranged from 13% to 37% in urban areas and 7% to 66% in rural areas (Wang et al. p.533), the characteristics of the Chinese DV and IPV problem and people’s response toward these problem serves to be of focal importance. China was a patriarchal society for an extensive history. The traditional gender expectation for a Chinese woman is to have absolute obedience, loyalty and devotion to her father, husband and even sons. Chinese men’s superiority and women’s inferiority were heavily embedded in many aspects of social life. Until nowadays, individual’s and public’s perceptions of DV and IPV are shaped by this traditional patriarchal ideology (Sun et al. p. 217,Yanqiu et al. p. 1307). But in Western societies, especially for developed countries like the U.S, women’s movement from the 18 century had enhanced individual awareness and public consciousness of women’s right and thus shapes the attitudes toward DV and IPV (Sun et al. 2010, p. 217). Because of the cultural differences between China and western societies, the reasons account for DV and IPV is quite different too, for example, study found that in-law conflict is one of the major causes for DV and IPV because most of the Chinese married couples live with their in-law (Chan 2010). As far as the research conducted on domestic violence is concerned Sun et al, 2010, conducted a study which aimed to analyze the attitude that individuals adopted towards the police response as far as domestic violence is concerned. Ivan et al. made use of a sample that comprised of a survey questionnaire that contains about a 100 items which were administered to university students. The sample comprised of making use of a total of 654 students from China and America and by the use of purposive-and convenient sampling methods looked to analyze the difference in their reactions and perceptions. Sun et al. conducts research on the topic by making use of a number of variables, the dependent ones having two measures which denote the attitude of the individuals towards the police as either proactive or traditional as far as domestic violence was concerned. The independent variables used were those that had to do with the background characteristics, experiences, and attitudes as far as gender role and violence was concerned. The data gathered was analyzed by means of a bivariate and a multivariate analysis. The research design used was primarily qualitative descriptive in nature as the means of data gathering was through the use of questionnaire and surveys that was distributed. The adaptation of a descriptive qualitative research method was one that was most frequently found in the numerous studies conducted on the topic of domestic violence. We see Chan et al, 2010, conduct a similar study based on a qualitative design, which although did not approach the topic by highlighting key differences of individuals from different geographical locations but aimed to analyze the aspect childhood sexual abuse by focusing primarily on Hong Kong. The sample incorporated of households that were through random selection used as a part of the representative population study that was conducted. The sample size was also comparatively larger with over 1154 respondents, who were 16 or above and could speak English. They majority of the sample was male whereas 46% were female, with a varied level of education. The sample was interviewed
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One of the most pervasive social problems that exist today in Chinese societies, more specifically Hong Kong, is that of domestic violence. Research goes to show that studies reveal that about one third of married couples in Hong Kong had engaged in fights (Xu, 1995)…
Acccording to the paper domestic violence is a widely discussed topic in the contemporary world. Numerous studies have been conducted on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and how it evolved into a social problem. The social constructionist perspective of claims, claim-makers and claim-making are adopted in the making of a condition that accounts into a social problem. Claim-makers appeal to their audience who include the general public and politicians.
According to the National Coalition against Domestic Violence (2007), domestic violence is the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behavior perpetrated by an intimate partner against another…Violence against women is often accompanied by emotionally abusive and controlling behavior…that results in physical injury, psychological trauma, and sometimes death…(p.1) Additionally, domestic violence affects women regardless of their age, socio-economic status, religion, ethnic and educational backgrounds.
Nonetheless, the main challenge experienced with respect to domestic violence is the ambiguity of its abuse definition. Despite the ambiguity in domestic violence abuse definition, it does not discriminate since it cuts across the entire socio-economical spectrum (Smith et al., 2008).
communities 2 enough to consider it a serious social issue that must be criminalized. If there is no law prohibiting DV, then there could be no case even if the act exists. And if it cannot be prosecuted then the abuser cannot be prosecuted leaving the victim/s helpless.
Thus, he established a very core relationship between psychological variables and intimate partner violence. Intimate partner violence constitutes not just physical and sexual violence but also entails in its ambit emotional and to some extent financial abuse, all of which leave a very severe impact on its victim.
Domestic violence may take place in different form and /or types and in different stages of family development as the basic unit of the society, with forms such as emotional abuse; to the opposite sex through control and intimidation, psychological and emotional to the children perceived as a long term development of fear due to mistreatment, control and negligence, and criminal coercion, kidnapping or harassment to the neighbors conducted domestically, that is, by interfering with the domestic welfare of another family within the neighborhood.
Immigration is the movement where by an individual migrates into a country or nation for settlement, leaving their former native homeland. These people are known as immigrants. This process is usually done with certain motives, but usually compulsion, as migration is a difficult and stressful process but includes a lot of advantages.
This paper seeks to achieve a complete understanding of the problem with its corresponding root causes in the hope that it may in some modest way become instrumental in transforming society and ensuring a safer world to live in and ultimately seeing that children in particular will cease to be victims of oppression, exploitation, discrimination or any other form of abuse or violence for that matter.
The term "intimate partner violence" describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse. This type of violence can occur among same-sex couples and does not require sexual intimacy. IPV can vary in frequency and severity.
It has been observed traditionally that women are the main targets of domestic violence. Both in developed and developing nations, plight of women have remained same even in the modern era. People have become more conscious about their rights as well as proper execution of such rights but women seem to be deprived from asking for such rights.
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