Over 90% of females residing in Somalia, Eritrea and the Sudan have been exposed to this inhumane practice. (Toubia & Susan 2009)
Type IV – perforating, piercing or slitting of the clitoris and the labia; elongating of the clitoris and the labia; sealing by smoldering the clitoris and adjacent tissues; scraping off tissues neighboring the vaginal opening or whole removal of the vagina; institution of eroding elements or parsleys into the vagina to bring about hemorrhage or for the tenacity of narrowing or contracting it; alongside any other process that is categorized under the explanations mentioned above. (Toubia & Susan 2009)
The Modern approach of FGM has made many women go crazy about their sexual organs in the belief that they are modernizing their vaginas and discovering new and elaborate ways of making their sexual organs unique. Websites like “Designer Vagina” are offering women services and cosmetic surgeries like vaginal constriction and labiaplasty. All this are just FGM albeit in a more contemporary manner.
The practice may be done at any time during the lifespan of the victim, from initial stages of life to the period which the victim is getting married or during the death of the husband depending on the local traditions, but happens most over and over again during puberty stage. The exercise is most commonly executed by inexperienced midwives by use of tools like the kitchen knives, glass shards or razor blades.
The impression of the archaic form of FGM on the well-being of the individual is reliant on the magnitude and type of method, the expertise of the practitioner, the hygiene levels of the tools and the settings of the operation, and the physical situation of the lady in question. This is unlike in the present times whereby the medical levels are of high standards and the operation tools and procedures are developed to ensure the patient’s safety is paramount. The instant or interim health problems communal to ...