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Book : the performance of gender, an anthropology of everyday life in a south Indian fishing village. cecilia busby (2000) - Literature review Example

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Book : the performance of gender, an anthropology of everyday life in a south Indian fishing village. cecilia busby (2000)

Kinship among South Indian communities has been indispensable and the main form of social organization (caste system). The caste system was a closed hereditary group to which a person belonged strictly by birth. At one point, there were relationships based on endogamous marriage between two people from the same caste. Kinship is also concerned about the productive anxiety of relations of distinction and sameness, the main aspects being the ties that separate or bind. In a fishing village, ‘the Marianad’ what matters is the relations between siblings. The children of the same father and mother, siblings are similar apart from their gender. The strongest differentiation is made between siblings of different gender, a difference that has a great effect in the following generation (Busby 2000; 1995). Therefore, among the “Marianads” sisters are viewed to be identical in a manner that brother and sister cannot be. Sisters in this tribe, live closely, they are spotted with each other baby either carrying or feeding it. Contrary, brothers are different in that they move to their wife’s houses in distinct villages, although they view their brother’s children as their own, and they often refer to them as their daughters or sons. The word Dravidian refers to a family dialect mainly spoken in South India. The Dravidian family is different in both origin and structure from the Anglo-Aryan family located in North India. People from South India classify kin based on difference in sex, difference in age, difference in generation, and difference of kin identical with union relationship. This system exemplifies a sociological theory of marriage, and it justifies the issue of someone marrying a cross cousin (Clark-Deces 2011; Bourdieu 1997). The Marianad people do not have the separate terminologies for the younger and elder sibling, uncles, and aunts. They also do not differentiate between kin identified to ego’s parents via same-sex association (parallel kin) and kin identified to ego’s parents via opposite se-associations. Writers such as Dumont try to suggest differentiation between cross and parallel kin in comprehending marriage choices and decisions in South India (Dumont 2006). The children of parents’ same or similar sex siblings (the father in-laws and mother in-laws) are absorbed to the position of elder or young siblings, with whom sexual intimacy, marriage and sexual activities is prohibited. On the other hand, the children of parents’ cross-sex siblings (father in-laws and mother in-laws) are absorbed to the position of spouses or wives with whom marriage is accepted or permitted in that in some castes in south India, it is preferred and prescribed. It is significant to note that these terms recommend separation between relatives (in-laws) and kin, which is not the same to our cultural differentiation between relatives by marriage and blood relatives. At the semantic level among the Marianad tribe in South India, the two sides of cross kin (father’s sister and mother’s brother) are the same, and while the castes perform bilateral cross-cousin marriage. This tribe prefers marrying on either father’s sister side or mother’s brother side. From these findings, it is clear that among the Marianad tribe, the sister’s son is permitted marrying the brother’ ...Show more


GENDER Name Institution Polythetic definition of the term kinship is not limited to certain aspects; instead, it includes many items on its list without exception of the blueprint. According to this definition, Kinship relationship is determined by birth and continues until death, it is prescribed by marriage, includes people of a single household or family…
Author : sgrady
Book review: the performance of gender, an anthropology of everyday life in a south Indian fishing village. cecilia busby (2000) essay example
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