This paper shall critically discuss the post-feminist argument that in Western societies, women are empowered to choose whether or not to engage in beauty practices. A discussion on the various manifestations of women empowerment will be included in this paper. Body Western societies are now seemingly perceived to be post-feminist, which may mean that structural elements negatively affecting women have already been managed and that any lingering differences between men and women are being attributed to the manifestations of individual choices (Jeffreys, 2005). Writers acknowledge that choice has become the battle cry of the post-feminist era; under these conditions, as long as the actions of women are based on their own choices, there is no need for further assessment of their actions and choices (Braun, 2009). Beauty practices are very much related to such post-feminist ideas and arguments. Even if the use of beauty products have been subjected to feminist critique, practices like putting on lipstick or shaving one’s legs do not any more represent issues for feminists (Stuart and Donahue, 2012). Third-wave feminists express that women’s power to choose the engagement in these beauty practices is a welcome element of feminism (Baumgardner and Richards, 2000). However, even with much support attributed to various choices, and even with the entry of women into areas in society where they were not previously included, women’s bodies are still made part of high surveillance and discipline (Jeffreys, 2005). The chances given to women to increase their achievements which were not available to them before has not been coordinated with the power to do away with the oppressive elements and practices of femininity. Scholars argue that the discarding of traditional female roles in the workplace has been matched with a greater focus on feminine bodies (Gill, 2007). Gill (2007) points out that femininity for the current western culture has followed the suggested trajectory laid out by Bartky (1990), Bordo (1993), and Wolf (1990) where social applications relating to femininity are not anymore directed towards the manifestation of traditional gender roles, but are leaning more towards practices which strongly highlight the management and beautification of women’s bodies. Postfeminist marks of liberation via empowerment and choices are placed within the context of harsh beauty requirements and images which Western women are compared to and judged against (Gill, 2006). In effect, with all the apparent choices, the contemporary western culture puts a very harsh and intense evaluation of women’s bodies. Contextualizing femininity within the post-feminist conditions is a major focus of contemporary feminist work (Evans, et.al., 2010). Feminine beauty practices were a clear focus for the second-wave feminism with a more critical assessment made on the means by which such practices have impacted on the reification of the disparities between men and women, as well as the objectification of women (Bartky, 1990). By the end of the 1980s, as feminism secured more success in the liberation of women, the negative reaction against the second wave feminism caused new restrictions on women’s liberties (Jeffreys, 2005). The conditional message has been suggested relating to women gaining a more liberated status, for as long as such status is not made at the cost of their femininity. Such message is seen in ...
Cite this document
(“Gender,Sexuality and Diversity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/gender-sexual-studies/85684-gendersexuality-and-diversity
(Gender,Sexuality and Diversity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Gender,Sexuality and Diversity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/gender-sexual-studies/85684-gendersexuality-and-diversity.
Cells organised into tissues form the body. Groups of similar cells work together to perform specific functions. (Clark, 2005: p.58) Body is the identity for species. Gender is the identity for individual beings. And sexuality is the broadest aspect of life style itself. Kids and children are the best scholars who understand these concepts especially the first two aspects of body and gender.
Ackerman’s poem is a past tense narrative with a lot of symbolism relating to the sea. Murray’s poem is a series of present tense, rhetorical questions posed by the writer to the reader in relation to some older women watching younger men playing sports. Despite these differences, the poems share some common themes because they talk about relationships between men and women with an emphasis on physical beauty, and from a female rather than a male perspective.
From the screened texts of weeks four, the relationship between gender, sexuality, and power has been intertwined within the constraints of cultural diversity. The TV and film industry portray Australia as a nation where all the people are immigrants from foreign nations and hence share a rich heritage of cultural diversity.
The term sexuality refers to a number of different elements of an individual. It can cover sexual orientation (homosexuality, bisexuality or heterosexuality) which are often debated due to religious and legal reasons.
There is a particular TV program called “Switched at Birth” that amazed me. The program depicted how families rear their children and the value systems they impart on them. It touched on various aspects of gender, sexuality, and family life in the contemporary American society (Common Sense Media 1). A discussion will be made on the aforementioned aspects and if they should be adopted in Martian society.
Till recently, identity was mainly defined in terms of sexuality, so much so that "becoming a man" "becoming a woman" was taken to be the natural order of the world, and the realization over gender has come only recently (Walsh, 2003). One school of thought considers it in the essentialist biological principle and the other, mainly the postmodern school develops gender identity from a constructivist approach that bases gender on social and power relations. For sociologists like Oakley (), gender is a learned social attribute through which the obvious biological differences in sex are used to justify different social relations and treatment.
The genetic structure of males of such species is different from that of their females. There are evolutionary benefits in terms of environmental adaptation, in the interchange of male and female genetic structures. The factual basis of gender therefore has a utilitarian perspective. Reproduction is not the sole pre-occupation of higher orders of life, especially humans.
Right from the study of elementary science, we are aware that body is constructed with tissues. Cells organized into tissues from the body. Groups of similar cells work together to perform specific functions. (Clark, 2005: p.58) Body is the identity of species. Gender is the identity of individual beings.
Gender and sexuality are two forces, which shape every aspect of human life. The sense of the equal enjoyment by women of their general human rights remains an important aspect. The Universal Declaration and the human rights treaties prohibit favoritism on the grounds of gender (Cohn, 2009).
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Gender,Sexuality and Diversity for FREE!