Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Catalonia as a Stateless Nation A stateless nation refers to a group of people who do not form a majority of the population in a nation state. It is normally implied that these group should form or have a state, which indicates that the term stateless nation is expressive of irredentism…
In essence, the Catalonia community has a similar surface area and population as Switzerland. The nation’s history is ancient with Phoenicians, Romans, and Greeks all leaving a mark on the community. The nation was united with Castile in the 15th century through marriage of the two communities’ royal families, although the union resulted in a confederate state that had different languages, laws, and parliaments. The Catalonia community has been involved in various wars over the centuries, losing the Harvester War in 1640, which forced it to give up part of its northern territory to France, as well as the 18th century’s Spanish Succession War that they lost and lost their institutions and right to use their language in official channels (Payne 29). The state structure of Catalonia was ended, and assimilation with Spain began until the 20th century. However, their national conscience was re-awakened in the early 20th century as Europe found itself in a wave of nationalism (Payne 30). While it started as a movement focused on the Catalan culture and their literary and political richness, the re-awakening soon became a regionalist movement that sought increased autonomy from Spain. Prior to the Spanish Civil War of the mid to late 1930s, Catalonia was, at various times, self-ruled, and they twice proclaimed a Catalan Republic. The victory of General Franco at the end of the decade, however, began what is one of the Catalonia nation’s darkest periods. It is essential to understand the dictatorship of General Franco, in order to understand modern Catalonia. Although Franco’s regime was harsh on majority of Spaniards, Catalonia suffered what can only be described as an attempt to annihilate them systematically and cruelly. It was during this period that their cultural rights were repressed collectively and individually, including banning of the Catalan language, punishment for any expression of their culture, and public officials publicly denying regarding their identity (Payne 30). Democracy, which was institutionalized in 1975, started a period of recuperation for the language, culture, and institutions of the Catalonia. At present, the nation is enjoying self-governance at a level that was only possible during the advent of the Bourbon Dynasty some three hundred years ago (Alba 23). Substantial responsibilities have been placed in an autonomous Catalan parliament and government, especially in fields like policing, healthcare, culture, and education. Spain, therefore, after Belgium and Germany, is the EU’s most decentralized state, consisting of Catalonia, Navarre, and Basque. To understand the identity of Catalonia, their language is vital. Surviving over three hundred years of repression has not dulled their literary scene with over 8 million people still using the Catalan language across all societal levels. The language is used in Valencia, Catalonia, Balearic Islands, Andorra, Aragon, Southern France, and Alguer in Italy. In fact, the language is more popular than some languages with official status in the EU, such as Maltese, Lithuanian, Danish, Slovenian, Slovak, and Finnish. However, the language is not recognized by national institutions in Spain and the EU, despite the prevalence of magazines, newspapers, and TV and radio channels in Catalan (Alba 24). Still, the language is weaker in the Spanish bi-lingual society and continues to face numerous threats. Catalonia, apart from its tradition of literature, has also ...
Cite this document
(“Stateless nation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/geography/110182-stateless-nation
(Stateless Nation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Stateless Nation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/geography/110182-stateless-nation.
Stateless nations often find a hard time in expressing their identity as they are not residents to be associated with any state (Koohzad 179). Furthermore, stateless nation could refer to a given group of people without a proper system of governance, that is, not rule under one state as they may be subdivided and dispersed across many nations (Reynolds).
Kurds and the Debate over Stateless Nation The term ‘stateless nation’ refers to a unique group of inhabitants that has no land to legally occupy. According to reports, there are over 300 emerging national groups worldwide which propose regional nationalisms raising potential threat to many of the old nations and their political interests.
This long-winded definition boils down to the four widely viewed elements of a state; people, government, territory and sovereignty. People should make up the state and propagate the population toward its subsistence, government will provide stability and order, territory which is defined by the state’s area in geographical terms, and sovereignty which is the ability of the state to handle its own affairs without intervention from outside forces.
The history of Kurd has been considered complicated and long considering that their fate has become entangled with the religion’s interest and international powers. Still, their path to national identity has been hampered by the fact that Kurdish society is tribal.
Every country has gypsies, although they are not citizens, per se, of the country they live in. Instead, they live as immigrants, retaining their centuries-old individual culture rather than adopting to their current resident country (Hoyland, 2011).
The Jews had also been a
Among them, Kurds constitute the prominent group as the world’s most numerous people without a homeland. Kurds’ sovereignty has been the bone of contention in the Middle East over several decades between various interest groups including Turks and
The author of this paper explores national identities as well as nationalist’s factions and movements dating back to 1967 with particular emphasis on Scotland and Newfoundland. The author further argues that nationalism that was founded on ethnic grounds need not strive for complete liberal democracies.
Statelessness occurs due to various reasons such as discrimination of a particular group of people, interstate conflicts, and failure to include all groups of people in the nation during independence (Friend 3).
The topic for