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Earthquake - Essay Example

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Los Angeles city is located in the state of California on the western pacific coast of the United States and population of the city is near 13 million. Los Angeles faced a lot many earthquakes of medium and large magnitude in the past. The city is located on Santa Monica fault…
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Earthquake
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Earthquake

Rupturing of gas lines causes bush fires in Los Angeles after an earthquake (Hyndman & Hyndman, 2010).
There is a term “transform boundaries” which occurs when two plates crush past each other and a very limited convergent and divergent activity takes place. Now San Andreas fault is a major fault in California. City of Los Angeles is situated on pacific plate which is slowly moving towards north with respect to North American plate. According to predictable motion Los Angeles and landmass west of San Andreas fault will slide towards San Francisco and then towards Aleutian trench. It is not only the San Andreas fault marking the conventional margin between the pacific and other north American plates but transform faults are major cause of earthquake in Los Angeles. Recent earthquake that damaged the Los Angeles occurred in 1994 and it remained focused on the north ridge area (Hyndman & Hyndman, 2010).
Movement of earth’s crust is the cause of earthquakes in California and Los Angeles. North American plate is moving towards east and pacific plate is expanding towards west and the point comes where these two plates pass each other. The North American plate is moving at the speed of approximately 2 inch per year. Two third of this 2 inch yearly movement is on San Andreas and other related faults. These related faults are most dangerous as these are moving very fast and these are also causing about half of the important earthquakes in our region. These faults are in large quantity in mountains formed near and in surroundings of San Andreas Fault. Like other mountains in California and Los Angeles these mountains are also pushed up by the earthquakes in past. Although few of the faults have been buried beneath the basin of Los Angeles and inland valleys but even then many of them can still be seen on the earth surface in the region (Geschwind, 2001).
Out of the recent earthquakes in Los Angeles the earthquake of 1994 ... Read More
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