The major cause of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon is large-scale cattle ranching. Conversion of forestland to grassland in order to pave way for cattle production is widespread. The leather derived from cattle is exported to other countries while the beef is sold locally and within the highly populated urban markets. The environmentalists have pushed the government. Consequently, they have set stricter compliance regulations for cattle owners and slaughterhouses (Barbosa 2000 p. 34).
Another cause of deforestation in the region is commercial agriculture and logging. The emergence of the soybean resulted into major deforestation in the Amazon. The soybean impact drove farmers deeper into the forest. In addition, rice and sugar cane farmers have also invaded the forest. Illegal logging in the forest is also widespread (Andersen 2002 p. 56). Other causes of deforestation are clearance of forest cover for hydroelectric power and mining of mineral, oil and gas. Furthermore, Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. Its high population, rampant rate of urbanization and economic growth has made farmers invade the Amazon.
Recent studies reveal that the destruction of the Amazon in every minute is an area equal to 50 football pitches (Carrington 2013 p. 1). Environmentalists fear that if this trend continues, approximately 20% of the forests tree cover will be lost in the next twenty years resulting into the crumble of the forests’ ...
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In recent times, however, scholars have come to realize that a tropical forest may seem intact on a satellite generated image, while it could be biologically ruined or be susceptible to complete degradation (Primack and Corlett 15). For this reason, deforestation is not the only threat to the diversity of tropical rainforest, and other potential threats include: selective removal of flora and fauna, biological invasion, fragmentation, increasing rates of tree turnovers and climate change, among others.
However, going by the statistics, Brazilian government has made a significant move aimed at preserving Amazon. Firstly, the Brazilian has created national parks within the forest to ensure that the forest is protected and conserve. The government has also enacted laws aimed at protecting the forest.
There are various reasons behind this high rate of deforestation in this area. One of these causes is human activities. According to Coe, Costa and Soares-Filho, Global economic and regional population and development pressures have resulted in high rates of deforestation in the Amazon River basin. Primary economic activities include cattle ranching, soy bean and other cash crops production.
Environmentalists and ecologists pay a special attention to Brazilian Amazon and deforestation which has a great impact on global ecology and air quality.
Deforestation, largely for logging and wood-fuel purposes, is common in South America. The main causes of deforestation in this region are agricultural development, expansion of mining and logging (for instance, gold and diamond mines in Venezuela), cattle ranching, migration of farmers who occupy new land, opium and soybean farming, and transpiration (Margulis 27).
The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It occupies nearly 6 million square kilometers and is located in the Amazon basin of South America; two-thirds of the rainforest lies in Brazil while the balance one-third is spread over Peru, Bolivia, Guyana, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname and French Guiana.
But sadly, these rainforests are struggling. These intricate and abundant ecosystems, which have endured thousands of environmental changes, are currently confronting the threat of extinction. Human activities, rather than natural
In fact, the forest covers up to nine countries. Some of these countries include Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela and Bolivia amongst others. One may wonder what makes it important to conserve rain forest,
The negative effects it has on climate are profound. Beef processing industries emit extremely harmful gases that when allowed into the atmosphere contaminate the air leading to severe climate change (Shah, 2015).
Matiash, C. (2015). Paradise Lost: Aerial Images of
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