It is very critical for robots to have sensors and ability to process and assimilate the information that is fed to it from the external control. The sensors are used by the robot to obtain the information from the patient’s environment but deep cognitive ability is not important for various reactive behaviors; instead, on board intelligence comes in handy when the robot is expected to perform various tasks autonomously (Hayden & Hadfield, 2001). Various robots which appear like toys have been used in the hospital for various functions for example the robot PARO which resembled a baby seal was used in the hospital for therapeutic functions such as helping the patient to reduce stress; replicate cognitive activities, as well as enabling the patient improve his or her socialization abilities. Robots that are assistive in nature are used in coaching physical therapy. In this research the legal and political aspects of using robotics in surgery will be discussed in length (Young, 2010). The use of robots in hospitals has brought various moral issues in the society today. The use of robots has led to the over dependence in technology which can bring adverse impacts in the case of failure of these technology. Over time, robots have become more efficient than human beings in various hospital operations like surgeries which have led to the diminishing of the medical skills by the medical practitioners (Young, 2010). There is high tendency for errors to be performed by these medical practitioners because of the lack of practice in their areas of specialization. There is also the issue of job displacement where the robots replace the use of human labor in hospitals. In the light of the above, it can be concluded that robots have made various doctors lose their jobs in their areas of specialization. Unlike the olden times when the doctors could perform all the roles in the operation room, doctors can now perform very few tasks in the surgical room thanks to the robots. Some people have insufficient funds to access health thus the use of robots in the health care system will make treatment costs much higher thus rendering the poor people hopeless (Hayden & Hadfield, 2001). According to Moor (2005), cultural issues also play a very important role in the use of robots in a surgical procedure in that different people have different cultures. Some people would prefer the doctor to entirely perform a medical procedure on him or her rather than indulging a robot. Some cultures may not be in a position to trust that the robot will successfully perform a surgical procedure, fearing that an error might occur during the process, thus, endangering their lives. Another ethical issue that exists in the use of robots is the difficulty in coining down the specific theory that can be used in programming specific code of ethics that will help in directing the behavior of the robots. Another ethical issue is the ability to operate the robots within a specified setting. The doctors who are able to use the robot in performing various surgical procedures must have adequate knowledge on the performance of robots in order to use these robots (Young, 2010). Th
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The Legal and Political Aspects of Using Robotics in Surgery Name Name of Institution The Legal and Political Aspects of Using Robotics in Surgery Hayden and Hadfield (2001) state that a robot can be defined as a mechanical instrument that is used to perform various tasks automatically or with the aid of a remote control…
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