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Eating disorder - Research Paper Example

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This essay outlines the problem of anorexia and other eating disorders and how media portrays this issue. Market research has facilitated and encouraged large companies to invest in the development of programs and hospitals for the treatment of eating disorders. …
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Eating disorder

This signifies the depth to which the problem of eating disorders has impregnated our modern society. The treatment of eating disorders is a growing business which is not restricted by territorial boundaries similarly like the treatment of chemical dependency; it has evolved into a fruitful and global business. The governments around the world are struggling to increase the number and variety of hospital and residential eating disorder treatment programs being offered to the victims. Market research has facilitated and encouraged large companies to invest in the development of programs and hospitals for the treatment of eating disorders. The growth of the treatment industry was further fueled by the introduction of the Federal Mental Health Parity Act which mandated the coverage of major mental illnesses by the insurance companies. Some states have classified eating disorders as a mental illness, thus, it has started receiving major attention both by the media and the health professionals after the passage of the act (Costin 117). Psychobiology of eating disorder Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a unique abnormality of disturbed eating behavior. Fairburn and Cooper (3) conducted a survey which revealed that the most common antecedent of bingeing behavior was none other than severe dieting. The most commonly reported complications associated with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the chronicity and relapse rate of aberrant eating behavior (Halmi 5). Diagnostic Criteria The official diagnosis of eating disorder involves the meeting of the clinical diagnostic criteria mentioned in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders IV TR...
This "Eating Disorder" essay describes the danger of this problem, review the literature dedicated to this issue and outlines medical complications. Hospitalization plays a major role in the treatment of anorexics and over the course of the last decade, the role of hospitalization has dramatically transformed. In the United States, the treatment carried out in the hospital is limited to reseeding and restoration of weight within a short time. Admitted individuals are not discharged until they fall into a healthy weight category because low discharge weight has often resulted in a speedy relapse of the illness. The continued role of modality of treatment for severe cases is suggested by the studies conducted on individuals undergoing inpatient treatment programs. Studies on inpatient treatment settings by McKenzie reveal that approximately 40% of the individuals receiving hospital based treatments were more likely to show relapse and were readmitted at least once. Moreover, the studies also revealed the fact that the readmitted individuals spent more time in the hospital with each progressive admission which inevitably suggests that the illness is becoming more severe with each relapse (Lock et al.). Outpatient psychosocial treatment strategies are more effective than inpatient treatment strategies because of the fact that they target the intricate roots of the problems with which the individual was coping resulting in the precipitation of AN. Such treatment strategies involve individual, family, and group therapies. ... Read More
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