In Singapore, a study conducted in 2004 revealed that in a populace of 100,000 drowning occurrences among children differed from 0.88 to 1.72 during 1992-2001. On a gender basis, the male to female ratio rose from 2.7 to 11.3 in the same period indicating that more males were prone to accidental drowning in swimming pools compared to females (Vasanwala, 2004).
Quite a number of drowning deaths in children in low and middle-income countries in Asia; occur at home or within the community where drowned children are not taken to health facilities. This has made collection of data on accidental drowning challenging, as it is difficult to collect data on mortalities that occur outside health facilities and hospitals. In addition, there is the fact that it becomes futile to take a drowned child to a health facility where societal factors such as fear of legal ramifications on persons reporting deaths resultant from drowning and financial implications have also played a role. Distance from health facilities along with lack of transportation has also made it difficult for families to report such deaths. These factors have been the cause of lack of attention to accidental drowning as a major health issue (Linnan et al, 2012). Fencing off swimming pools goes hand in hand with better architectural design that aims at reducing risk exposures at swimming pool areas. ...Show more