Critique and Appraisal of a Research Paper Name Class/Teacher Introduction (Word Count=2,391) A research study on strokes was chosen for this essay in critically evaluating the research process contained in this paper. The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of stroke in the general public and patients who had already had strokes as well as carers…
Aside from conducting actual research studies, research can also be conducted on the repositories of previous studies to understand the design and methods of obtaining information and looking for unseen trends from those times. It also allows for a guideline of how to develop more in-depth research in today’s environment to account for cultural and economic changes that have occurred since previous studies (Poses & Isen 1998). While qualitative research is evidence-based, there are many more variables to consider when conducting this type of research and it can be that variables have not been connected properly to get other pictures of the information. Therefore, clinical qualitative research can also be applied to the social side of the information, the background of what the information is (Cote & Turgeon 2005). This, in turn, provides another dimension of information, the ‘biopsychosocial’ side of the data which cannot be answered by a quantitative study. The qualitative study provides not only the clinical answers but those for individual viewpoints, motivations and how respondents relate to their environment socially and economically. A number of hypotheses should also be developed, based on past research in order to conduct future research (Barnett-Page & Thomas 2009). The study on strokes was done to find out knowledge and perception levels of a sampling group of the population using those who already had experienced strokes, those who care for stroke victims and those who have not experienced a stroke (officially diagnosed). Invitation letters were sent to 87 members of a heart and stroke register in Hunter Area Health Authority and of those, 56 were returned and 27 of those agreed to participate in the study. In this group, 14 who had had a stroke and 10 carers attended the study. A snowballing technique was used to recruit 11 people who had not had a stroke and they also recommended others for participation in the study. A final total of 35 people participated in the study (Yoon et al 2002). David Ross (2000) discusses how to create a biopsychosocial formulation for understanding a case when doing a patient history. This process of developing the formulation can also be used in research study development and design in looking for more than just the ‘yes and no’ answers typically found in questionnaires. As Ross explains it, a nurse or doctor can take down the symptoms that a patient is undergoing and also get a background history of what is going on in the patient’s life at the same time. In his example of Mr. J, who is 34 years old, depressed since his wife left two months before, Ross presents the case analysis in two different ways. The first shows that Mr. J has also had anhedonia and insomnia during the past two months. He has no history of drug or alcohol abuse and has hypothyroidism, currently being treated with l-thyroxine. His older sister has a history of major depression which she is being treated with fluoxetine (Prozac). He had a happy childhood but since his marriage three years ago, his wife has become increasing critical of him in regards to doing chores around the house. Yet his job and his friends have provided a good measure of satisfaction. Only the marriage has been an issue ...
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This is a quantitative study because it presents quantitative information’s about the incidences and etiology of different types of distractions in one operational room. It is also qualitative because in essence it researches one qualitative subject – the human communication (Burke et al.
It is because of the diverse nature of the qualitative research approach that critical appraisal becomes cumbersome for the researchers who are less accustomed with these methods (Stige & et. al., 2009). In other words, it can be mentioned that because of the subjective nature of the qualitative research it becomes difficult to effectively critique them (Lee, 2006).
This paper shall critique the research, “Impact of a fall prevention programme in acute hospital settings in Singapore” by Koh, Hafizah, Lee, Loo, and Muthu (2009). It shall provide a critical evaluation of the research, identifying its strengths as well as its weaknesses.
Title The title of the research clearly states who and what is being studied, i.e. the people with multiple sclerosis (PWMS) and their perception of novel physiotherapy. The type of study, i.e. qualitative, is also mentioned. Overall it can be said that the title is succinct and accurate, mentioning the topic, sample, and type of study.
The assessment of the data provided in the research will be done to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the study as a whole, develop better understanding of the research design and methodologies and to provide evidenced - based implementation of interventions (Goodson & Vassar, 2011).
Thus, as apparent in the above explanation, research, by intent, is supposed to create knowledge in the relevant fields, to develop, refine and expand the horizon of knowledge in such a chosen field. Although specialised procedures vary from one field of inquiry to another, common ideas shared by the various fields of study is, first and foremost, the conviction that the process must be objective so that the researcher does not bias the interpretation of the results or change the results outright.
She needs to be critical about these researches. This paper critiques two nursing researches on cancer. One is a qualitative research entitled, “Living with Incurable Cancer at the End of Life-Patients’ Perceptions on Quality of Life; and
The framework has three main areas of focus; the research results validity, their effect and precision, and their application. This is achieved through 11 questions which help make sense of the clinical trial (CASP International Network, 2012).
Yes, the trial addressed a
The article provides a comprehensive literature on the importance of fall prevention among the older adults and cites the various efforts being made by organizations to prevent fall. In this respect, the authors have
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