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Critique and appraisal of a Research Paper - Essay Example

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Critique and appraisal of a Research Paper

Aside from conducting actual research studies, research can also be conducted on the repositories of previous studies to understand the design and methods of obtaining information and looking for unseen trends from those times. It also allows for a guideline of how to develop more in-depth research in today’s environment to account for cultural and economic changes that have occurred since previous studies (Poses & Isen 1998). While qualitative research is evidence-based, there are many more variables to consider when conducting this type of research and it can be that variables have not been connected properly to get other pictures of the information. Therefore, clinical qualitative research can also be applied to the social side of the information, the background of what the information is (Cote & Turgeon 2005). This, in turn, provides another dimension of information, the ‘biopsychosocial’ side of the data which cannot be answered by a quantitative study. The qualitative study provides not only the clinical answers but those for individual viewpoints, motivations and how respondents relate to their environment socially and economically. A number of hypotheses should also be developed, based on past research in order to conduct future research (Barnett-Page & Thomas 2009). The study on strokes was done to find out knowledge and perception levels of a sampling group of the population using those who already had experienced strokes, those who care for stroke victims and those who have not experienced a stroke (officially diagnosed). Invitation letters were sent to 87 members of a heart and stroke register in Hunter Area Health Authority and of those, 56 were returned and 27 of those agreed to participate in the study. In this group, 14 who had had a stroke and 10 carers attended the study. A snowballing technique was used to recruit 11 people who had not had a stroke and they also recommended others for participation in the study. A final total of 35 people participated in the study (Yoon et al 2002). David Ross (2000) discusses how to create a biopsychosocial formulation for understanding a case when doing a patient history. This process of developing the formulation can also be used in research study development and design in looking for more than just the ‘yes and no’ answers typically found in questionnaires. As Ross explains it, a nurse or doctor can take down the symptoms that a patient is undergoing and also get a background history of what is going on in the patient’s life at the same time. In his example of Mr. J, who is 34 years old, depressed since his wife left two months before, Ross presents the case analysis in two different ways. The first shows that Mr. J has also had anhedonia and insomnia during the past two months. He has no history of drug or alcohol abuse and has hypothyroidism, currently being treated with l-thyroxine. His older sister has a history of major depression which she is being treated with fluoxetine (Prozac). He had a happy childhood but since his marriage three years ago, his wife has become increasing critical of him in regards to doing chores around the house. Yet his job and his friends have provided a good measure of satisfaction. Only the marriage has been an issue ...Show more
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Critique and Appraisal of a Research Paper Name Class/Teacher Introduction (Word Count=2,391) A research study on strokes was chosen for this essay in critically evaluating the research process contained in this paper. The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of stroke in the general public and patients who had already had strokes as well as carers…
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