Its significance along with a detailed description of the services to be provided with potential barriers is discussed in this paper. Learning Disabilities (LD) There is a significantly large number of people who are affected by the learning disabilities. Every human being is different and distinctive from others and maintains particular characteristics. People with learning disabilities do not have separate legal rights; however, their different attitude is more visible to others because of certain characteristics attached to the personality. Following are the three definitions put forward by the Department of Health in England (2001): These people face impaired intelligence, i.e. difficulty and uneasiness in comprehending the amalgamated information, developing talents and in learning new skills. Impaired social functioning is also projected by such adults. They are generally more dependent on others and do not prefer to be self-governing. The learning disability starts long before the adulthood. It has a deep rooted association with one’s childhood experiences and things which have affected his/her developmental stage. Learning disability has several degrees which determine the behavior and treatment that an effected person requires. The degrees vary from mild, moderate and severe (Hardy et al, 2006). Mild: they need support and medical help only when in crises, otherwise they can live independently. Moderate: they are more in need of help, often lives in a family system so that their daily needs are easily fulfilled. They also have some communication issues. Severe: they are in high need of medial support as they are encountered by other physical and mental disabilities as well. They maintain poor health and face huge communication barriers. Therefore, the quality of life is comparatively deprived. In general, it is not possible to know the exact percentage of people who are affected by the Learning Disabilities either through government procedures or through large-scale investigations or surveys. However, Department of Health (2004) declares that in UK, 2% of the population, i.e. 1.5 million are affected by the learning disabilities with varying types of support and medical help that they need. Among this population 828,000 are aged at 18+ and almost 0.47% of the affected adults were using the learning disabilities services (Emerson & Hatton, 2008). These percentages are expected to change to 5% and 10% by 2017 and 2027 respectively. Learning disability increases the risk of hearing loss which further leads to other physical and mental issues. Among the patients of learning disability, 21% of the people are affected by hearing loss as well (Bamforth, 2010). Need to Establish a Service Unit in Audiology Department As per the increasing rate of patients affected by the learning disabilities, especially those who are also facing hearing loss, Audiology Department requires to establish a complete diagnostic and treatment unit for these adult patients. Audiologists are professionals who provide services, assessment and treatment incorporating the scientific methods to solve the hearing issues of an individual (University of Bristol, 2011). As stated above, 21% of learning disability patients are encountered by
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Setting up a Service for Adults with Learning Disabilities in the Audiology Department [University] [Instructor Name] Setting up a Service for Adults with Learning Disabilities in the Audiology Department Introduction Learning Disability concerns with the issues in understanding and analyzing simple and complex situations, questions and characters…
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