StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Papua new guniea: STI and HIC surveillance techniques and factors that affect STI and HIV prevention and control projects - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Papua new guniea: STI and HIC surveillance techniques and factors that affect STI and HIV prevention and control projects

The chief mode of HIV transmission in Papua New Guinea has been through heterosexual activity and transmission from mother to child (USAID 2007). Other factors contributing to the transmission of STIs and HIV include, “multiple sexual partners, poverty, urbanization and sexual activity in exchange for cash, goods and services” (USAID 2007). This paper aims to provide an overview of the current methods of STI and HIV surveillance and monitoring in Papua New Guinea. The paper also helps to identify some of the economic, gender and religious issues with respect to STI and HIV prevention and control in the country. In light of these facts, an evaluation of the current challenges with possible recommendations to prevent and control these diseases has also been made. Method of Surveillance and Monitoring of STI and HIV According to a report released by AusAID (2006), the prevalence of HIV in the rural parts of Papua New Guinea (PNG) has been increasing over the years. Surveillance and monitoring of STI and HIV in these areas have been extremely challenging when we consider the remote nature of many parts of the country, geographic and cultural diversity, weak infrastructure and poor quality of services (AusAID 2006). The country has a national surveillance system which is also extended to monitor rural areas. However, numerous inconsistencies have been reported with the current methods of data collection and analysis and the quality of data collected has also been found to be poor (AusAID 2006). Studies have revealed that HIV transmission in PNG is largely driven through sexual contact but nearly two-thirds of people in the country, who have been diagnosed with HIV, are unaware of its mode of...
This research examines increasing of the prevalence of HIV in the rural parts of Papua New Guinea (PNG). Surveillance and monitoring of STI and HIV in these areas have been extremely challenging when we consider the remote nature of many parts of the country, geographic and cultural diversity, weak infrastructure and poor quality of services. The country has a national surveillance system which is also extended to monitor rural areas. However, numerous inconsistencies have been reported with the current methods of data collection and analysis and the quality of data collected has also been found to be poor. Studies have revealed that HIV transmission in PNG is largely driven through sexual contact but nearly two-thirds of people in the country, who have been diagnosed with HIV, are unaware of its mode of transmission. Again, the current surveillance system does not provide comprehensive information on age, sex and province of origin. In fact, the Independent Review Group on HIV/AIDS reports that, “There are vast areas of the country where there is insufficient information to characterize either current levels of infection or the potential for further epidemic growth”. The growing rates of STI and HIV infections in different parts of the country underscore the need to collect reliable information and assess the effect of the response programs in the country. The current surveillance techniques in the country include routine data collection from institutions like blood banks, antenatal clinics, STI clinics and sentinel surveillance sites. ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Papua new guniea: STI and HIC surveillance techniques and factors that Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/1817-papua-new-guniea-sti-and-hic-surveillance-techniques-and-factors-that-affect-sti-and-hiv-prevention-and-control-projects
(Papua New Guniea: STI and HIC Surveillance Techniques and Factors That Essay)
https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/1817-papua-new-guniea-sti-and-hic-surveillance-techniques-and-factors-that-affect-sti-and-hiv-prevention-and-control-projects.
“Papua New Guniea: STI and HIC Surveillance Techniques and Factors That Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/1817-papua-new-guniea-sti-and-hic-surveillance-techniques-and-factors-that-affect-sti-and-hiv-prevention-and-control-projects.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

This paper aims to provide an overview of the current methods of STI and HIV surveillance and monitoring in Papua New Guinea. There are numerous factors that affect the STI and HIV prevention and control efforts in Papua New Guinea. Some of them have been discussed in this paper…
Papua new guniea: STI and HIC surveillance techniques and factors that affect STI and HIV prevention and control projects
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Papua new guniea: STI and HIC surveillance techniques and factors that affect STI and HIV prevention and control projects"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Epidemiology of STI and HIV in India: priorities and program strategies
According to the National AIDS Control Organization (2006, 1), currently there are 2.47 million people in the country who are living with HIV. Nearly 88% of these people are in the sexually active and economically productive age group of 15 to 49 years (National AIDS Control Organization 2006, 11).
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
STI and HIV
Today, HIV infection has been reported in all states and union territories of the country. Again, bacterial STIs like chancroid and gonorrhea seem to be on the decline while viral STIs like HPV and herpes genitalis are on the rise (Thappa et al. 2007). According to the National AIDS Control Organization (2006, 1), currently there are 2.47 million people in the country who are living with HIV.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
STI and HIV in Uganda
3002, 1). By 1986, Uganda had been one of the first African countries that collaborated with the World Health Organization [WHO] in drafting its own national aids control program consisted of 13 AIDS control programs (Alwano-Edyegu and Marum 1999, 7). The government and the Ugandan citizens’ combined efforts, supported by international organizations have paid off well, with Uganda today as the sole country in the world to have reduced significantly HIV sero-prevalence rates, specifically among young adults (Konde-Lule 1995, 31; World Bank [WB] 1999, 92; Boerma et al.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Preventing STI on Juveniles
The paper also provides evidence based solutions on the preventive measures and ramifications of implementation of the proposed change. The Problem: In today’s modern society, a critical public health care problem is the alarming rise in the incidence of sexually transmitted infection in teenagers (Healthy children 2000).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
HIV/AIDS Prevention
Poverty could account for many infections, which are felt in Africa today. It has been quite challenging when dealing with the infectious disease since the medical services in Africa are declining, poverty is mounting, and a vast sphere of gender inequality has consumed the continent.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Prevention of HIV and STI: What has worked, what hasn't and why
In today's world, such discussions have become not only a matter of choice, but rather a necessity. The nature of venereal diseases, in particularly AIDS, which has reached the level of a pandemic, prompted scientists to be active in the field of treatment, and particularly prevention.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
STI and HIV
3002, 1). By 1986, Uganda had been one of the first African countries that collaborated with the World Health Organization [WHO] in drafting its own national aids control
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
High rate of STI in Juveniles can patient teaching decrease reoccurance
Further, as the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender movement has gained momentum and acceptance in our communities- these groups have a high risk of not only getting but also transmitting the disease. The abused and homeless youth also
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Select a current HIV/STI global issue that has both pro and con positions. Research it and write a 2-3 page paper including the following sections
In Asian regions sex education is frowned upon because sex is considered as a taboo rather than a natural phenomenon. Whether it is the open minded world or the conservative world, comprehensive
2 pages (500 words) Essay
The Dani, Papua New Guinea
The term Papua New Guinea was coined by the Australian colonialists after the Second World War. Farming is the economic activity practiced by the Dani where the basic capital and land resources are conjoined for the use of irrigation, whereby the sweet potatoes are grown
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Papua new guniea: STI and HIC surveillance techniques and factors that affect STI and HIV prevention and control projects for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us