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Bisha. Health sciences and medicine Proofreading: Eye Care programm GRNT Proposal - Essay Example

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Bisha. Health sciences and medicine Proofreading: Eye Care programm GRNT Proposal

The study indicated that a high range of the incidences were among the age 40 years and over, the prevalence of blindness was 89.5% and the prevalence of visual impairment in thirty subjects (aged 40 to 59 years) was 44.7% and for 100 of the subjects (60 years and over) was 66.2 %. However, the major causes for blindness and visual impairment are cataract and refractive errors throughout Bisha and its surrounding suburbs (Al Faran, M.F., 1993).
Cataract: the term cataract is defined as any degree of opacity of the crystalline lens of the eye. It is a major cause of blindness among people 40 years and over in the world (Steinert, R.F., 2010). As of 1995, age related cataract accounts for 50% of whole world blindness, which is about 25 million people. The prevalence of cataract cases is estimated to grow to 30 million in 2020. In Bisha, the main visual problems caused by cataract was 52.6% for blindness and 20.6% for the visual impairment among people 40 years and over between 1991 t0 1993(Al Faran, M.F., 1993).
Refractive error: this refers to optical imperfections which lead to the inability of the eye to accurately focus of the light coming from distance to the retina, causing unclear vision. There are three main types of refractive errors: myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. Worldwide, it is estimated that the prevalence of refractive errors ranges from 800 million to 2.3 billion (Holden, B., 2004). In Bisha, refractive error is responsible for about 67.9% of visual impairment (visual acuity3/60 with suitable correction in the better eye) among people 40 years and over (Al Faran, M.F., 1993)....
There are three main types of refractive errors: myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. Worldwide, it is estimated that the prevalence of refractive errors ranges from 800 million to 2.3 billion (Holden, B., 2004). In Bisha, refractive error is responsible for about 67.9% of visual impairment (visual acuity3/60 with suitable correction in the better eye) among people 40 years and over (Al Faran, M.F., 1993). Strategic context-: 1-In 1993, only one main hospital with three primary health care services surrounded Bisha. Indeed, after more than fifteen years, it still has the same hospital (with accepted improvement in all health sectors) and nearly seven primary health cares with one a new private vision centre. In addition, most cataract and refractive errors cases are referred by primary health cares to the ophthalmic and optometry department within the hospital. This can lead to overload and a long waiting list for cataract surgery and doing refractive tests. In addition, some of patients travel to another city looking for a sooner appointment for cataract surgery. Therefore, the number of human resources should be increased including cataract surgeons, optometrist and trained eye-care persons such as nurses in remote areas as well as the vision centres. 2- The critical view toward Bisha city within the kingdom of Saudi Arabian indicates the main cause of increasing the visual impairment and blindness is due to a lack of health education sectors. Furthermore, there is no type of any source of information about the important of wearing glasses in refractive errors and post-cataract surgery, routine checking for vision and doing cataract operation as the doctor advises. In fact, little of the ...Show more
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Summary

In 1984, according to the national eye survey, 1.5% of Saudi population was blind and 7.8% of them had a visual impairment as reported by World Health Organisation (Tabbara, K.D., 1987). In 1993 the survey conducted in Bisha estimated that the prevalence of blindness was 0.7% and the visual impairment prevalence was 10.9% from a population- based survey. …
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