Autistic disorder is the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) along with Asperger's syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Recent epidemiological data suggest that autism affects approximately 1 in every 110 children in the United States, occurring four times more frequent in boys than girls (Lord & Bishop, 2010). This number implies a rapid exponential growth since the last decades when autism was traditionally viewed only as a severe mental disability. Social scientists and psychiatrists propose that subtypes of ASD be removed in the latest DSM edition and the diagnosis will be solely based on individual manifestations and comorbid disability. Psychosocial ChallengesAutism is a major psychosocial disorder that affects an individual’s communication and social skills. When studied in a developmental perspective, people with autism initially show disparities in communication and language at the early years of life when language starts to expand. Toddlers with ASD manifest self- injurious behaviors especially during temper tantrums. These sudden outbursts of emotions and behaviors appear when their routines are disrupted. For example, autistic toddlers may bump their head on the wall repeatedly when a certain day activity is not followed that could result to serious complications from the head injury. In more severe cases, autistic children are unaware of safety issues at home like handling electrical cords and plugs that pose danger to the entire household. Because of this, family members become annoyed and irritated of the behaviors of their mentally- challenged member. In turn, the families constantly feel the burden and stress of caring for their autistic child.
Furthermore, the transition of these children into adulthood also pose significant further decline in their socialization capabilities. According to White et al. (2007), when the children reach the age of feeling the need to be associated with peer groups, autistic children are challenged and often ridiculed for not being companionable.
On the other hand, not all children diagnosed as having ASD are completely unable to communicate effectively. Some high- functioning children with ASD achieve a certain level of socialization with their peers that they strive to be treated as a member of a certain group. However, there is a compounded risk of being rejected when they try to. People with ASD have difficulties in understanding