The people suffering from bulimia nervosa should be getting treatment as soon as they realize they are on the edge of the disorder, It is mostly, not possible for the suffers themselves to recognize the disorder unless their family notices it. There are many signs and symptoms which enable the recognition of the disorder easier and present the patient for treatment. They can be detailed as follows:
a) A person being underweight is a major sign that they could be suffering from bulimia nervosa. The weight loss is because of the excessive malnourishment and absence of nutrients from the body.
b) The people suffering from this order can be seen with swollen glands and can have distorted vessels under the eyes. They may also have a sore throat and puffiness in the cheeks due to constant purging or vomiting.
c) Fatigue and muscle spasms are also an evident symptom of people suffering from bulimia. This is because people with the disorder have fewer nutrients and protein supply which hamper the growth and maintenance of muscle of the body.
d) Frequent weight fluctuation is also a sign of bulimia nervosa, as a person is very active with binge dieting and vomiting consistently.
e) Tooth decay is also widely seen in people who suffer from bulimia. This is due to the acids from abdomen coming in contact with the tooth as purging occurs, which is an unnatural process. “If left untreated, bulimia tooth decay can destroy all of a bulimic's teeth. The hydrochloric acid in vomit melts teeth by dissolving a tooth's crystal coating. The outer coating of a tooth is made up of white enamel which protects the tooth”. f) Electrolyte imbalance is another main irregularity that can be faced by bulimic people .This can bring about variance in the heart beating pattern and can in some cases lead to heart attack. g) Missed or absence of periods is also a symptom of bulimia. This is because starvation and lack of nutrition can bring about imbalance in hormones and can lead to instability in menstrual periods. h) Bad breath is a sign of bulimia disorder as there is complication with digestion process. e) Depression is another obvious symptom of this disorder as the victim has no control on eating habits and develops frustration and discomfort. Cause of Bulimia and risk related to this disorder The cause of bulimia is very vague and unknown, even though there are various theories attached to its origin. Hereditary and gene do have some role to play as people with a family member suffering from bulimia have a higher risk of developing this