Peripheral Arterial Disease - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Peripheral Arterial Disease

According to statistics delineated in different articles, the primary sites of involvement are the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries comprising 30% of symptomatic patients; the femoral and popliteal arteries consisting of 80 to 90% of patients, and the more distal vessels, including the tibial and peroneal arteries making 40 to 50% of patients (McDermott, 2006, S2). Mechanically and topographically, atherosclerotic lesions occur preferentially at arterial branch points, which are sites of increased turbulence leading to altered shear stress, and hence injury to the tunica intima. Epidemiologic and demographic data suggest that the distal vasculature is most commonly involved in elderly individuals, mostly in patients with diabetes mellitus (Marso and Hiatt, 2006, 921-929).
The history and physical examination are usually sufficient to establish the diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). An objective assessment of the severity of disease is obtained by noninvasive techniques. ...Show more

Summary

Atherosclerosis leads all the causes of occlusive arterial disease in the periphery in patients over age of 40 years; although, the highest incidence is noted in the sixth and seventh decades of the lifespan. Similar to atherosclerosis of the coronary and cerebral arteries, individuals with diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, or hyperhomocysteinemia and cigarette smoking have an increased prevalence of peripheral arterial disease…
Author : aydendaniel
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Peripheral Arterial Disease"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Peripheral Vascular Disease
The diseases affecting circulatory system range from those affecting the heart to those affecting the blood vessels. The diseases that affect the peripheral blood vessels are considered under the term Peripheral Vascular Disease. These disorders mainly affect the vessels supplying blood to the peripheral parts of the body, i.e.
5 pages (1250 words) Term Paper
Developed vs. Developing Countries
The country is ruled by a distinct party known as Communist Party and Beijing is its capital metropolis, which is highly populated. The country covers about 9.6 million per square kilometer and it has become one of the second largest nations by geographical region.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Planning and Initiating Care in Nursing Practice
In that sense, nursing as a profession is unique because it addresses the responses of the individuals and families to actual and potential health problems in a humanistic and holistic manner. Contemporary nursing requires that the nurse possesses knowledge and skills in a variety of areas.
10 pages (2500 words) Case Study
Transcutaneous Oxygen Monitoring as an assessment tool for chronic diabetic foot wounds
Aggressive medical management of the patient with diabetes from the beginning can assist avert distressing impediments. Thus, Diabetic foot ulcers occur because of poor circulation and neuropathy. Proper foot care is essential for anyone with diabetes. Diabetes is believed to affect 2-4% of the general population (Kamal et al, 1996) and its incidence is increasing: by 2010 it is predicted that it will affect 239 million people worldwide (Mandrup-Poulson, 1998).
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Diabetes and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
increased fatty acid deposits, especially LDL and VLDL inside the blood vessel walls, which act as a predisposing factor for the development of atherosclerosis. Type II diabetes on the other hand is associated with insulin resistance which is commonly accompanied by other cardiovascular risk factors: dyslipidemia, hypertension, and prothrombotic factors (Gray et al, 1998).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Effectiveness of early physiotherapy to prevent lymphoedema after surgery for breast cancer:randomised, single blinded,clinical trial
An appraisal determines the extent to which a research study adds substantive new knowledge to existing concepts. Research appraisal
6 pages (1500 words) Assignment
Find out how much would it cost
to get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT