If this observation is true, then it also tells us that sensitization and educational programmes in the United Kingdom on healthy eating and lifestyle have largely been accepted by the elderly population and are being applied. The vital role played by advances in nutrition in enhancing basic understanding of nutritional requirements of the body and composition and combinations of foods can not be discounted.
The study also noted a positive and significant correlation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and protein. Also, protein was found as the only macronutrient to contribute significantly to BMI. The high satiating efficiency of protein compared to other macronutrients such as carbohydrates and lipids has been reported by several research workers (Gil et al., 1991., Fryer et al., 1995., Stubb et al., 1995., Dumensil, 2001).This satiating effect of proteins influences food intake (Anderson et al; 2003). By influencing the amounts of food elderly people in the United Kingdom take in, protein is able to contribute significantly to BMI. Protein is also known to influence the absorptive capacities of the body for specific nutrients such as Vitamin B complex and micronutrients. Elderly persons have special needs for these vitamins and trace nutrients because of the degenerative effects they suffer on their internal organs. Protein therefore can be used as a health management tool for elderly persons suffering from micronutrient deficiencies, notably vitamin B deficiency. This study found that the protein content of food eaten by the test population was remarkably high. Excess dietary protein beyond the amounts used for building bodily muscle or lean is converted into body fat. Compared to other micronutrients such as carbohydrates, this...
This paper approves that the study revealed that gender is the second largest contributor to Body Mass Index after waist hip ratio. These two variables are generally interrelated. Females, generally have higher waist hip ratio than men. These gender differences are largely hormonal. It has been established that obesity occurs in both sexes as a result of decreased outpour of the growth hormone. Education as a good barometer of economic well being is well appreciated. It is therefore to be expected that elderly persons that put up in institutions are less endowed financially because their education qualifications are lower. If this factor has no effect statistically, it simply tells us that information on obesity and its application has become common knowledge. Indeed education qualifications alone and by themselves cannot be expected to produce elderly persons that are less obese.
This essay makes a conclusion that The role physical activity plays in the health of elderly persons has already been mentioned. The level of physical activity that leads to good health is person-dependent. The maximum level of physical activity accepted to one person, can lead to total disability in another. Physical activity has its role in the combating obesity in elderly persons. However, it is unlikely that that activity alone can lead to excellent health in elderly person if it not supported by good nutrition and other lifestyle adjustments.
This study has shown Body Mass Index in elderly persons in the United Kingdom in influenced significantly by some demographic variables and nutrition. The high protein content of diets of elderly persons is also suggestive of high income levels.