Medical Biochemistry - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Medical Biochemistry

Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells of the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, which is responsible for uptake of insulin into the tissues. It also assists in lowering hepatic glucose production, by which plasma glucose levels are reduced. Any deficiency in the availability of insulin for this homeostatic function can lead to dire consequences in human body including chronic disease from the improper metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Diabetes Mellitus is the name of the chronic disease given to the deficiency in the availability of insulin. It is classified into two.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a catabolic disorder in which the insulin availability is very low or absent, which is caused by the destruction of the beta cells and presents at younger ages, usually before the age of forty years (Hussain & Vincent, 2007). In genetically prone individuals the insulin producing beta cells immune-mediated destruction of the beta cells occurs leading to an absence or very low availability of insulin and the disease Type-1 diabetes (Gandhi et al, 2008).
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on the other hand is a progressive disease that results from a set of complex metabolic disorders originating from coexisting defects in multiple organ sites that include insulin resistance in muscle and adipose tissue, gradually reducing pancreatic insulin secretion, lack of regulation in hepatic glucose pro ...
Download paper


Control of the amount of glucose circulating in the body is essentially done through the interaction between nutrient, neural and hormonal regulation. The interplay between insulin, glucagons and circulating glucose reflect the critical homeostatic mechanism involved in this interaction…
Author : elemke

Related Essays

Nevertheless, it is useful for researchers to discover the system responsible for the diseases. In this respect, the simple reclassification according to whether ailments are connected with too little or more cell death is very enlightening. Abstract All multicellular animals experience the happening of apoptosis. The fading of cells is mainly seen in the growth and exclusion of redundant cells. It is an essential cellular defense against viral infectivity. Such death results during the action of cytotoxic T lymphocytes or tumor necrosis. Apoptosis furthermore plays an essential function in...
12 pages (3012 words) Dissertation
Fasting blood glucose clearly shows a higher value that is far beyond the normal range hence an impaired fasting glycaemia. The main implication of the impaired fasting glucose is that of excessively high glycaemic level. The Urea value for the patient is also very high compared to the normal range. This simply indicates a higher concentration of urea in the blood which is an indication of a poorly functioning kidney with poor control of waste products. The HbA1c is also high hence an unsatisfactory assessment for the glycaemic control by the patient. This is because of the importance of the...
6 pages (1506 words) Case Study
Medical education Essay
We all know that this field requires intensive assessment and appraisal of different things in order to ensure how effective the medical program the practitioner had adopted or how the practitioner himself is effective. In such cases, medical education can also be an avenue in using this kind of measurement. As we can see, the field of medicine requires skills, dedication and passion in order to deliver its requirements. Medical practice is no joke, so as medical education, which is the root of the latter. What do assessment and appraisal do in order for a certain practitioner or a certain...
13 pages (3263 words) Essay
Legalization of Cannabis for Medical Use Essay
It's prominent that almost all of the definitions of cannabis and marijuana that can be found in the dictionaries, encyclopedias or throughout the Web don't mention about the medical usage of this drug. Cannabis is considered to occupy the fourth place in the list of drugs most often used in the U.S and Europe, outrun only by alcohol, caffeine and nicotine (State Marijuana Initiatives Open New Fronts in Debate Over Illegal Drugs, 1997). Thus cannabis is mostly seen as a recreational drug, despite of the proved medical efficiency it has. The authors of the article in British Medical Journal...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Medical Ethics Master Essay
In this case, perhaps in medical practice, particularly in Nursing, euthanasia is the most talked about phenomenon in dealing with this kind of conflict.
12 pages (3012 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!