While initially this was a disease that was attributed to older people, this is no longer the case. It is now evident that since the twentieth century, very many people of all ages are suffering from this deadly disease. Initially, the disease was referred to as arterial hypertension. There are two types of this disease. One is primary and the other type is secondary hypertension. When this problem becomes very persistent it normally results in heart failure, heart attack or even stroke.
That explains why very many people in this era are dying because of the accumulated levels of this disease. This issue is of great interest to me because of the increased rate of people suffering from it. I have the concern of finding out the issues that have greatly influenced the increased occurrence of this disease. This information can help enlighten people so that the disease can be prevented. It will also enable the government to put in place policies that will see to the eradication and prevention of this deadly disease.
Hypertension can be defined as a health problem where the blood pressure is highly increased beyond the normal levels. Research indicates that normal blood pressure normally ranges between 120/80 mmHg and below. High blood pressure is highly linked to other diseases or contemporary health problems like diabetes and obesity.
There are various historical factors that affect hypertension of high blood pressure. One of them is in line with someone's genetics and the other with other factors like salt sensitivity. Genetics of course are associated with a person's past or inherited attributes. Research shows that this is a complicated health disorder. It is only thirty percent related to hereditary factors. This is supported by very many studies that have been carried out by scholars in the past. (Johnson, 2005)
Research indicates that sixty percent of the people that are affected by hypertension have a history of taking too much salt. When salt is taken in excess, it tends to accumulate in the body. This results in the body drawing large amounts of water and this greatly results in pressure mounting up within the walls of the blood vessels. This issue greatly explains why this disease has become quite prevalent in the modern society. During the eighteen century, people rarely took salt. The few that took it took in very minimal amounts. This made them to be less susceptible to diseases like high blood pressure.
The levels of salt in the body determine the effects to the body. In this case when salt levels are high in an individual's blood, they tend to result in extraction of water around organs and muscles. This water is directed into the blood so that the levels of salt are reduced. This of course results in the salt content in cells increasing. In the long run swelling takes place.
Kidneys are normally responsible for overall regulation of water and salt in the body. Excess water is then taken into the individual's blood when water and slat levels increase around body cells. This normally affects the well functioning of kidneys in the long run. This leads to fluid build up in blood and around both the white and red blood cells. Excess water and salt is drawn away and taken out or excreted as urine. The heart is made to work extra hard in this case and in the long run weakens. (Kuo, 2005)
Looking at high blood pressur