Health Sciences & Medicine
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Anorexia nervosa is considered a very serious, often chronic psychiatric disorder that is considered the most deadly of mental illnesses (Harris & Barraclough, 1998) and is the third most common persistent illness among female adolescents. Characterised by severely disturbed eating behaviour, anorexia is one of the two distinct eating disorders recognised by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) as psychological disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 2000).


In adolescent-onset anorexia, depression appears to be triggered by the eating disorder, and the individual is put at risk for experiencing future depressive episodes (Ivarsson et al, 2000).
Although anorexia affects persons of all ages, adolescence appears to be the developmental period of particular significance in the etiology of eating disorders; hence, identification and clinical intervention during this stage are crucial. This paper aims to synthesise and critically analyse the existing research on the treatment of anorexia nervosa in adolescence from the perspective of evidence based practice, more particularly family therapy systems approach.
The term "evidence-based" is prevalent within the health care setting today. If there is any doubt, a quick glance at the current medical and allied health research literature would remove it. Medical doctors, physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech-language pathologists, music therapists, and many others, have begun to describe their treatment interventions as evidence-based. ...
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