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AIDS and the Progress Made Towards Equity Within Botswana - Essay Example

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Author : andersonruby


The paper gives detailed information about AIDS in Botswana and shows the progress that was made towards equality among people. Equity in health implies that everyone should have a fair opportunity to attain full health potential and that no one should be disadvantaged from achieving this potential…

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AIDS and the Progress Made Towards Equity Within Botswana

Botswana has several things going for her. It has a well-educated people, a stable government and a relatively well-placed health care program (Farley, 2001). If there was one country in Africa where an ambitious program on AIDS could work, it was Botswana (Farley, 2001, p.1). The regime of President Festus Mogae had political will to fight the issue. But then, they really had no choice. The first AIDS case was reported in 1985. In 2001, President Mogae said their country was facing extinction (Farley, 2001, p.1). They needed to fight the AIDS scourge. According to Avert, an international charity organization (Fredriksson-Bass, 2005, p.1), the country’s response to the problem can be broken down into three stages. The first stage (1987-1989), was focused mainly on trying to eliminate the risk of HIV transmission through blood transfusion by way of blood screening. In the second stage (1989-1997), or the first Medium-Term Plan, the government introduced information, education and communication programmes. It was during this stage that they adopted the Botswana National Policy on AIDS. The third stage expanded the country’s response to AIDS to cover education, prevention and comprehensive care, including the provision of antiretroviral treatment. The second Medium-Term Plan was initiated during this period. At the same time, the government was able to tap the help of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Merck Company Foundation through the formation of ACHAP or the African Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Partnerships. ...
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