The proper functioning of the human body is based upon the coordination and regulation of the different systems of the body. Hormones are important chemical substances that maintain and regulate the activities of the human body…
Insulin is an important hormone of the human body that performs many vital functions. Insulin is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas. The functions of insulin mainly include the metabolism of the body fuels which are carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. The most important role of insulin is directed towards the maintenance of normal glucose levels in the blood. Insulin works towards the movement of glucose into the muscles as well as the adipose tissue. It increases the conversion of glucose to glycogen and therefore, maintains the levels of glucose in the blood. Insulin is mainly an anabolic hormone and it also promotes the formation of fatty acids and triglycerides. It functions in a similar manner by increasing the production of proteins. These functions of insulin become greatly disturbed in type 2 diabetes. The functions of insulin are not carried out in the body in diabetes type 2 and if this condition persists for a long time, it results in pathologies of the eye, kidneys, cardiovascular system and the central nervous system. Diabetes type 2 is a pathological condition which is referred to as a syndrome owing to the fact that it affects most of the important systems of the human body. Diabetes mellitus is defined as “a clinical syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin.”...
This essay discusses that diabetes mellitus is termed as a syndrome as it alters the functioning of the other organs of the human body and it is the cause of other pathologies amongst the patients. The complications associated with the disease are due to the microvascular changes that mainly occur in the large as well as the medium vessels of the muscles in the human body. The Microvascular disease tends to alter the structure and functioning of capillaries that supply organs. The macrovascular changes occurring in diabetes result in affecting the heart as well as the vascular supply of distal parts of the limbs. The process of atherosclerosis becomes fast in the diabetic patients and this can lead to cause myocardial infarction as well as stroke in these patients. Furthermore, disruption in the continuity of supply to the distal areas of the limbs can cause extremity gangrene in the diabetic patients. The changes in the capillaries are associated with pathologies of the kidneys, eyes as well as the nervous system. The central and the peripheral nerves become affected owing to microvascular disease. The disruption in the capillaries of the eye can result in conditions like glaucoma and cataract. The most common impact on the eye is the resultant retinopathy. Diabetes has been labeled to be the most common cause of blindness in the West as well. The functioning of the kidneys is also affected and uncontrolled diabetes is considered to be a major cause of severe renal disease in the developed countries. ...
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(Diabetes Type 2 As a Pathological Condition Research Paper)
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The regulation of the sugar in the blood would be accomplished through the chemical insulin, which is what diabetes interferes with (Brill 15). Pancreas, an organ at the lower part of the stomach is responsible for the production of insulin. In a healthy person, insulin would allow for movement of glucose from the blood into the cells of the body where it would be converted into energy.
The social impacts of this disorder include diet and weight control; and physical exercise – which come along with increased hunger; nausea and occasional vomiting; fatigue, and frequent urination. The economic impacts of the disorder include the cost of blood glucose depressants, insulin injections, and the expenses of blood glucose monitoring.
There are three types of Diabetes mellitus (DM): type 1 DM that is dependent on insulin, type 2 DM, and gestational DM. according to studies ten percent of diabetic patients suffer from type 1 diabetes. The condition is an autoimmune type of disorder that forms from the destruction of insulin producing beta cells (Carozza, 2013).
Diabetes is classified as a syndrome because it affects most of the organs in the human body resulting in other disease states. Diabetes is classified into types which are Type I diabetes mellitus and Type II diabetes mellitus. Type I diabetes mellitus mostly occurs at an early age and it is an autoimmune disease where the cells of the pancreas are destroyed.
Type 2 diabetes has a long asymptomatic phase and significant clinical risk markers (Caterson 2005).
The decreased ability of insulin to act effectively on peripheral target tissues especially muscle and liver is a prominent feature of type 2 DM, and this is presumed to result from a combination of genetic susceptibility and obesity.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by absence of insulin, or presence of insulin but not functional to meet the metabolic pathways of the physiologic requirements of the body. Type 2 diabetes mellitus, discussed in the paper accounts the larger proportion of diabetic cases (90-95%) and is exemplified by insulin resistance.
This trend has resulted in people becoming overweight and obese, thus predisposing them to diabetes type 2. Type 2 diabetes mellitus has become a worldwide problem that has affected the economy of many countries. “Diabetes affects at least