Assessment of a population at risk seeks to establish the degree and type of malnutrition present, and other resources for example water and sanitation so as to be able to relieve the situation. Special attention should be given to vulnerable groups such as children less than 5 years of age, pregnant and lactating women and the elderly. Furthermore there is a need to asses the environment and infrastructure in which the affected population resides in. This is important in establishing the underlying causes of the problems. Such assessments are vital in determining the origin and severity of the nutritional crises. The process consists of two phases both involve information gathering that use interviews, group discussions, observations and surveys.
It is worth noting that when carrying out a nutritional assessment, accurate techniques. One such technique is the use of anthropometrics. This is generally the purposive measurements of body muscle and fat. They are used to evaluate individuals, to measure growth in the young, and to assess weight loss or gain in the grown-up individuals. ...Show more