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A general introduction to HIV/AIDS - Essay Example
Health Sciences & Medicine
Pages 6 (1506 words)
The definition of HIV/AIDS,its incidence over the world mainly in the UK and USA.Its method of transmission,symptoms,prevention.From its first beginnings in the early 1980’s, through to the explosion of the epidemic in the USA,the UK and subsequently throughout the world,AIDS has become one of the defining features of modern medicine. …
From its first beginnings in the early 1980’s, through to the explosion of the epidemic in the USA, the UK and subsequently throughout the world, AIDS has become one of the defining features of modern medicine. While more people are infected now than at any other time in the past AIDS has moved form being a proverbial death sentence to being, in some senses at least, a manageable disease, for at least a few years.. Presently it is the cost of treatment that is one of the major controversies surrounding the condition, together with the fact that new generations of high-risk groups are appearing who appear to be taking the same risks as their forebears. HIV is defined as the human immunodeficiency virus while AIDS is acquired immune deficiency syndrome (Barnett, 2003). HIV is the virus that causes the gradual and eventually total collapse of the immune system that enables AIDS diseases such as pneumocystis pneumonia, Kaposi’s sarcoma and a host of other conditions to affect the patient (Ward, 1998). As the Department of Health (2007) suggests, “anyone can get AIDS .. . AIDS cases have been reported from all age groups, all races, in virtually every country in the world.” (State, 2007) . Risk behaviors for becoming infected with HIV are unprotected sex, particularly of an anal nature with multiple partners and needle sharing among injectable drug users. There is no cure for AIDS, even while a number of drugs have been developed thazt enable the disease to be managed for at least a few years.
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