HIV/AIDS - Essay Example

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Therefore it is imperative to educate oneself regarding this virus, and actively prevent its spread. This essay shall briefly sketch the nature of the virus and the ways in which it virus works to defeat the human immune system and study some of the factors that have lead to the spread of the disease in the UK over the last twenty-five years using charts and graphs to illustrate the trend. The essay shall also delineate the stigma and discrimination suffered by the afflicted, and shall suggest some measures to stem the spread of the disease. The process envisages shedding more light on the importance of Immunology. HIV/AIDS – The Killer Chameleon A healthy human body has a host of defense mechanisms in readiness. The immune system wards away infection through a series of cellular and chemical reactions. Leukocytes or the white blood corpuscles with all its various components is the principal defender in the immune mechanism. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is different from many other viruses in that it contains genes made of Ribonucleic acid molecules or the RNA. This category of the virus is known as the retrovirus. Furthermore, only HIV and other retroviruses produce ‘reverse transcriptase’ - an enzyme that helps convert their RNA into Deoxyribo-Nucleic Acid or the DNA (contained in cells of human beings and most other viruses), stealthily camouflaging like the host cells, to rewrite the genetic code of the host cell and gradually destroy the immune system. ...Show more

Summary

 The essay "HIV/AIDS" briefly sketches the nature of the virus and the ways in which it virus works to defeat the human immune system and study some of the factors that have lead to the spread of the disease in the UK over the last twenty-five years…
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