According to Benner and Wrubel (1989), "caring is action that nurtures; action that fosters growth, recovery, health and protection of those who are vulnerable", adding weight to this assertion, Roach stated that "Caring is the empowering of those for whom care is given". I would like to state here, that this essay takes confidentiality into consideration, and shall uphold it with diligence.
Further emphasising the importance of care in the provision of nursing care, Roach categorised the attributes of care to what can be referred to as the 6C's of care in the health profession. The attributes of care, as illustrated by Roach include: Compassion, Competence, Conscience, Commitment, Comportment and Confidence (Roach, 2002) Let's take a look at each of these attributes as described by Roach.
Compassion means to be with another in their suffering. It is empathy and sensitivity to human pain and joy that allows one to enter into the experience of another. It is the understanding of whom that person truly is, for whom one is caring. "With compassion, one becomes a colleague of humanity" (Roach, 1992). Compassion is an essential component of the nurse/client relationship.
Competence is acquiring and using evidence-based scientific and humanistic knowledge and skill in the application of therapeutic interventions in the current practice of nursing. Competence is reflected in the cognitive and affective domains of learning. It is the knowledge of the role of the nurse in the health care delivery systems of the hospital and the community.
Conscience directs moral, ethical and legal decision-making. It motivates one to increase the knowledge and skills needed to respond appropriately to moral, ethical and legal issues faced by one and others. It directs one to adhere to the standards of professional nursing practice. It directs one to respond to social injustices. It is the increased awareness of local, national and global health concerns and current trends in health care that affect all ages and populations. It is the sense of accountability, responsibility and leadership for patient care.
Confidence is trust in one's ability to care for others. It is the belief that one's skilled, professional presence can make a difference. Confidence is necessary to effectively implement the roles of the nurse as caregiver, teacher, counsellor, advocate, leader, manager, and researcher. Confidence in one's ability to create a caring environments serves as a catalyst for change. Confidence empowers oneself and others to define and accomplish goals. Confidence is developed through the successful utilization of knowledge and experience.
Commitment is maintaining and elevating the standards and obligations of the nursing profession and assuring the delivery of excellence in nursing care. Commitment is the loyal endeavour to devote oneself to client welfare. It assures that care will be part of every nurse-client interaction. It is a conscious effort to grow within the nursing profession through dedication to continuing education, life-long learning, and becoming more skilled, socially conscious, ethical, politically competent and caring.
Comportment is the professional presentation of one's self to others in behaviour, attitude, appearance, dress and