Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Adverse Drug Reactions - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Masters
Author : sydnisipes
Essay
Health Sciences & Medicine
Pages 18 (4518 words)

Summary

This review addresses the topic of pharmacogenomics and the debate surrounding the prospects of using genetic screening to reduce the incidence of adverse drug reactions in patients on long-term drug therapy. …

Extract of sample
Adverse Drug Reactions

Finally, issues that surround the prospects of generalized genetic screening will be discussed in terms of the inherent advantages and disadvantages.An adverse drug reaction is defined as a negative and unintended consequence of taking a drug. These consequences are of two possible kinds: those resulting from an unwanted extension of the therapeutic action of the drug, and those unrelated to the therapeutic action of the drug. An example of the former would be daytime drowsiness caused by taking a tranquilizer at bedtime, while the latter may be exemplified by dry mouth caused by an antihistamine taken for allergy control. As will be shown later, both kinds of ADRs can be influenced by the genetic makeup of individual patients. Preventing ADRs is a crucial issue for patient drug treatment because a significant proportion of health care expenditure and time go into the management of conditions directly attributed to the ADRs caused by previous drug treatment (Beijer & Blaey, 2002; Moore, Lecointre, Noblet, & Mabille, 1998). ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related Essays

Adverse Effects of Blood Transfusions
Generally, blood transfusion is conducted to replace the blood lost from a person’s body due to a surgery or a serious injury. This technique is also used when an individual’s body is not capable of producing blood due to illness. A small needle is used to connect an IV line to one of the blood vessels of the recipient, through which the person receives healthy blood. This process may take 1 to 4 hours to complete depending on the volume of the blood the recipient needs. As Fasano and Luban point out, in olden days, whole blood required was transferred through the blood transfusion process…
5 pages (1255 words)
Sibutramine " reductil "
Pharmacodynamics Sibutramine hydrochloride monohydrate acts as a neurotransmitter reuptake inhibitor, which decreased the reuptake of dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin by 16%, 54% and 53% respectively. The inhibition of reuptake of these substances ensures that their levels increase within synaptic clefts and thereby increasing the levels of satiety. The serotenergic action, which results reuptake inhibition is particularly thought to influence appetite dynamics. The drug also has mechanism of action akin to tricyclic antidepressants, but it has not demonstrated antidepressant properties…
7 pages (1757 words)
Short Answer Questions
Other healthcare providers include occupational therapists, psychiatrists, cardiologists, neurologists or other specialists depending on the chronic medical condition. Chronic disease management will ensure a successful and structured delivery of health care. Secondly chronic conditions increase the cost of healthcare and a patient must cover the extra costs that are not covered by medical insurance. This may be a hindrance to the delivery of comprehensive healthcare. Third, chronic conditions predispose patients to other complicated and opportunistic diseases. Chronic medical conditions…
6 pages (1506 words)
Safety pharmacology
Safety pharmacology therefore relates closely with the study of toxicology in the drug development process, which refers to the evaluation of the safety of the drug composition before validating their safety in curing diseases. The practice of toxicology complies with several international drug safety organizations and international safety guidelines, which dictate that the toxicologists carry out extensive tests on the chemicals used in developing the drugs on animals among other specimens before introducing such substances on humans. Toxicologists therefore test the chemicals on similar…
5 pages (1255 words)
Drug Errors in Nursing
According to Banning, 2006, estimates from studies show that the incidence of medication errors ranges between thirty-five to seventy percent. This is a high rate of incidence, particularly when it is taken into consideration that such medication errors could have fatal consequences with special emphasis on the elderly and the very young. These figures by themselves are alarming, but becomes even more poignant when we take into consideration the under reporting of medication errors, as pointed out by Anotonow, Smith and Silver, 2000.…
28 pages (7028 words)
Management Skills in Adult Nursing
It is not solely a mechanistic take to be performed in strict compliance with the written prescription of a medical practitioner. It requires thought and the exercise of professional judgement "…
16 pages (4016 words)
Medication error reduction
To avoid medication errors, health care professionals should avoid system errors related to oral or written miscommunications. Through the use of computerization program, health professionals could effectively reduce cases of adverse drug reactions due to medication errors (Walsh et al., 2008). Since the use of computerization enables the physician to encode drug name, dosage, time of administration and route under specific patient name, nurses could easily avoid administering wrong medication due to sloppy handwritten physician’s prescription.…
1 pages (251 words)