Health Sciences & Medicine
Pages 16 (4016 words)
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Therefore, the objective would be to conduct an extended literature review of relevant research articles to update knowledge in this area in order to determine the existing current knowledge about coronary artery disease, its relation to lifestyle, and the need and rationale for lifestyle modification to decrease the incidence of this potentially fatal disease.


Since nurses spend considerable time with these patients, and it has been found that educational and supportive intervention during the admission for a critical illness can yield very positive results in terms of patients' compliance or adherence to lifestyle modification measures, it is often prescribed that the nurses deliver patient education and promote healthy lifestyles in patients (Duryee, 1992, 217-225). However, it is always better said than done, since these measures must conform to the patients' beliefs, which always are not congruent. Apart from this, there are other known barriers for the implementation of such strategies, such as, communication barriers between the patients and healthcare personnel and their points of views. Since studies have shown better results with health education in terms of coronary heart disease (CHD), there has been considerable accumulation of literature as a result of consistent research in this area. It is expected that there would be two sides of this problem, the caregiver and the care recipients. Not only the patients' beliefs, the nurses' beliefs also may implicate the situation (Toobert et al., 2002, 574-585). ...
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