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The Roles of Psychology and Sociology in Drug Abuse - Essay Example
The psychology of drug abuse is profound and powerful. According to studies, the psychological factors are the deciding ones for any potential user, even if a preexisting propensity to drug abuse is present.
If a person is raised in a stressful environment and has a low sense of self-esteem or a moderate to high degree of trauma, the risk factor of drug abuse is greater…
For the amount of time the drug is effective, the individual loses psychological control and also experiences an alleviation of stress. These results can lead to repeated use as the reward of escaping stress or psychological pain becomes more important.
If an individual becomes a frequent user, psychological influences to treat them are not important enough; cognitive abilities have been altered and a different set of priorities have been established.
There is a difference between abuse and addiction; a drug abuser can have set limits regarding frequency of use. They can understand that people who express concern for them care about them. They use drugs to help alleviate whatever is stressing them or to increase their sense of well-being (Addiction Science Network, 2000).
The drug addict will continue to use the drug despite the negative consequences, try to set limits on use but continually exceed those limits. They will engage in arguments with those who express concern for them, feeling resentful and a sense of disregard for them.
Sociologically there are several contributions to drug abuse. One is ease of access, another is peer pressure, another is exposure in media and over-discussion everywhere. ...