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Dieting can be defined as the practice of ingesting food in a regulated fashion to achieve a particular objective of either to reduce body weight to maintain a particular body shape. Some athletes aspire to gain weight through dieting particularly in the form of muscle and diets can also be used to maintain a stable body weight.
However, it is important to note that what works to reduce body weight for one person will not necessarily work for another. This is mainly due to difference is metabolic rate and lifestyle factors. People who diet for gaining weight include professional athletes. Football players may try to increase their weight through weight-gain diets in order to gain an advantage on the field with a higher mass (Wikipedia n. pag (a)). This paper discusses mainly on the low carbohydrate diet, its advantages and disadvantages and also tries to cover the risks involved in such diet.
Low carbohydrate was first used by William Banting in 1863. He is one of the first persons known to have successfully lost weight by developing a targeted diet. The low carbohydrate diet is also sometimes known as the Atkins Diet. The key scientific principle which forms the basis for these diets is the relationship between consumption of carbohydrates and their effects on blood sugar levels and hormone production. It is essential to maintain blood sugar levels in the human body. There are two primary hormones linked to regulating blood sugar levels, which are produced in the pancreas. The first one is the insulin, which lowers blood sugar levels, and the second one is the glucagon, which raises blood sugar levels. ...