What are the probable sources of information utilized by nurses to inform practice' This is the question focused by Shannon M. Spenceley, Katherine, A. O'Leary, Lesa L.K. Chizawsky, and Amber J. Ross, Carole A. The authors present a consolidated review of the literature regarding sources of information that nurses use to inform practice.
The proponents employed integrative review method in data collection process, whereby, secondary data were carefully acquired from conducted researches published between 1985 and 2006, and also research dissertations within the range of the same time frame. The Cumulative Index of Nursing, the Library and Information Science Abstracts, Medline, Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Library Literature, Educational Resources' Information Center, and Information Science databases were included in the process of literature search.
According to Cooper (2001), integrative reviews intended to synthesize evidence based on social, behavioral interventions and public policies. He added that this method should ideally undergo the following processes: 1. Problem Formulation; 2. Data Collection; 3. Data Evaluation; 4. Data Analysis; and 5. Public Presentation. The article published by the proponents have satisfactorily underscored the aforementioned synthesis in their research.
As for the review of the related literature, the authors have well provided a brief overview about the effective strategies of synthesizing and interpreting data. But, it was not clearly indicated which method was applied can be used for the study other
A Critique on the Sources 3
than integrative review. Dixon--Woods, M., Agarwal, S., Jones, D., Young, B., and Sutton, A. (2005) suggested that the range of methods available for summarizing various forms of evidence must be properly discussed.
In this study of Spenceley, et. al., the primary aims were to: 1. Determine the information sources that registered nurses turn to, as they support direct patient care; 2. Analyze the overview of study design as well as practice setting; and 3) Examine sources which are accessed most frequently as guide practice of nurses. The clinical questions are specific, clearly focused and measurable. Later, data revealed that nurses have high reliance on interactive, informal, sources; They are also highly reliant on journals as basis of their expectations as well as assumptions regarding the information-seeking supports as far as nursing practice is concerned. In the overall, the proponents' study intended to impact future research accounting for the expectations and also the rising information needs in the emerging roles for nurses surrounding health care systems.
It should be noted on the other hand that procedural