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Abnormalities of schizophrenia - Research Paper Example

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Abnormalities are the scale to judge the severity of an ailment. Schizophrenia has many abnormalities at various levels that involve body as well as mind.These abnormalities vary from case to case. The causes of schizophrenia are extremely varied and research is always going into the discovery of factors that lead to the disease. The particular causes of the disease related directly to the symptoms the patient will have making it imperative to put more money towards finding causes so we can put that information towards discovering a cure for everyone individually, to allow them to live a functional and enjoyable life. Introduction The causes of schizophrenia are rather varied and this leaves no definite way of either ensuring a person will or will not contract this abnormality. As a result, it is difficult to diagnose and treat schizophrenics unless the full extent of a person's particular case is known. Genetics has long been one of the known causes of schizophrenia, if one twin develops schizophrenia, then their identical twin would have a 50% chance of contracting it, or their fraternal twin would have a 17% chance. (Berkow, et. al. 1997) Identical twins have such a high chance of both, rather than one developing the disorder and since they have the exact same genes, given this it can be concluded that schizophrenia is directly linked to a persons DNA. It is also known that neurological abnormalities are a major cause of schizophrenia, specifically overproduction of dopamine leading to a false reality and structural abnormalities of brain tissue. Most schizophrenics have their outer ventricles swollen, a direct connection to schizophrenia, however the actual relation is not known. This is just another example of how little is truly known about this disease. One cause that has recently been discovered is a parasite called "toxoplasma gandii", which comes from cat excrement. This parasite can stay dormant and become active later in life, and also can be passed from mother to child. The actual effect that toxoplasma gandii has is unknown, however it is likely that it affects the brain chemically. Another thing currently being investigated as a cause is the herpes virus. Abnormalities of schizophrenia There are five basic symptoms of schizophrenia, and to be classified as a schizophrenic, the patient must have at least two of these five symptoms. The first, delusions, is characterized by someone who has false interpretations of reality despite abundant evidence which shows the opposite. Two of the most frequent delusions are; a) feeling as though you are being wrongly persecuted, such as the government watching you, OR b) feeling that you are of higher authority than you are, such as feeling you are God or president. Hallucinations are the next indicator, these are false sensory perceptions, and are often manifested in an auditory form. The next symptom is disorganized speech, this is speech which makes no sense in nature or reflects on the patient's inability to formulate sensible speech. Schizophrenic speech will often follow rhyming patterns or patterns based on the meanings of words as opposed to their regular use. Grossly disorganized behaviors, another symptom of schizophrenia, is characterized by those who are unable to perform simple task, or who engage in inappropriate behaviors. This could include being set upon doing one simple task, but getting distracted and executing a number of meaningless tasks in between, and losing the initial purpose of their action. Catatonics also fall under grossly disorganized behaviors, which is when someone will experience extended periods of immobility and unresponsiveness. The last indicator is negative symptoms, which are basis of social withdrawal, inability to focus attention, absence of please and a lack of mood and expression. Negative symptoms very closely resemble characteristics generally ...Show more

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Abnormalities are the scale to judge the severity of an ailment. Schizophrenia has many abnormalities at various levels that involve body as well as mind.These abnormalities vary from case to case. The causes of schizophrenia are extremely varied and research is always going into the discovery of factors that lead to the disease…
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