Anthropologically, racial groups are defined as "those who share a sense of cultural and historical uniqueness, and to act as a member of an ethnic group is to express feelings or call attention to that uniqueness" ( Mindel and Habenstein 1981). There is a degree of conformity and commonality of those who share this social and cultural heritage. It is expressed in a variety of ways, such as physical appearance, language, kinship organization, speech patterns, food traditions, long-standing rituals, religious belief systems, and in particular, health beliefs and treatment actions.
Thus, Race is a major factor in determining health longevity. Of all the factors that adversely affect the health status, race is one of the major contributors. The roots of the problem can be traced back thousands of years to the very origins of Western life sciences and the health subculture. But racial effects on health outcomes are often ignored and obscured by the very medical and health establishments that purport to aid those afflicted.
Mortality variations racial origin differs from variations in morbidity (disease). Although white have lower death rates and higher life expectancy at every age, they are more likely to seek care for illness. Consequently, they are more likely to report suffering acute and chronic illnesses, but often their problems are less life threatening than those among Asian.
Race operates in society today more explosively and confusingly than ever before. Many factors confuse and reignite this ever smoldering social issue. They include, but are not limited to, the efficacy of the more subtle racialist mechanisms of economic and social domination and discrimination; a relatively new and modern racialist mechanism built around the erection of a minority culture-based, IQ- and achievement test-oriented "meritocracy" favoring groups with access to privileged environments and quality education and training; the emergence of political and religious conservative movements with their traditions of religious and racial intolerance; the emergence of aggressive feminist and newly empowered Caribbean and Asian groups competing for limited jobs, training and educational opportunities, and political positions previously allocated for non-Europeans and women; and the lack of political, economic, and ideological commitment by the nation's minority leaders to openly address and alleviate the impact of racism in U.K. society. All these potent forces threaten to overpower the interests of Britain's largest minority group.
For a variety of reasons, racial and ethnic polarization seems to be intensifying. How does race affect contemporary U.K society-particularly health care As