That is why people, who have AIDS, may get infected by such bacteria and viruses, which usually do not cause any disease for healthy people. And very often in such cases prognosis for AIDS carriers can be life-threatening.
AIDS was first reported in summer 1981 in the USA as an unknown disease, called "manly cancer". For the first year about 1600 cases were diagnosed, which resulted in 700 deaths. In 1983 American Center for Disease Control introduced the term AIDS. In 1984 Dr. Robert Gallo in collaboration with the specialists of Institute Pasteur of France discovered HIV as a cause of AIDS. As the amount of deaths was increasing (in 1987 there were 71,000 of registered cases of AIDS and 40,000 of lethal cases), medical scientists started intensive research work, directed on creating a cure for AIDS. (Cichocki)
Unfortunately, there is still no cure for this disease, so numerous biology and medical specialists continue their studies and experiments. It was discovered that AIDS can not be transmitted by usual contacts, like sharing the meals or towels, using the same phone or swimming pool, doing handshake, etc. Nowadays the problem of prevention of further spread of this terrible epidemic is extremely topical, especially in the regions of Sub Saharan Africa, Caribbean and Asia, where the amount of infected people exceeds 8% of the population, and the number of deaths runs into millions. (Cichocki)
Children and AIDS
Of course, HIV/AIDS affects children. According to UNIADS report, in 2004 about 2.2 mln children had HIV, but this data may not reflect the real situation due to substantial lack of HIV monitoring devices in African regions, where 80% of HIV affected people live. (Berry) This epidemic endangers health and well-being of thousands of children, especially in developing countries. This is direct threat to normal development of our society.
In the majority of cases, children get infected with AIDS from their mothers during pregnancy, giving birth or breastfeeding. Also, many children can get infected through blood transfusion or (rarely) when sharing the needle of same medical injectors.
Treatment of Children Affected by AIDS
Treatment and taking care about such children