In order to come to an even remotely knowledgeable understanding on this matter, all of this must be discussed and taken seriously into consideration, and only by doing this will we be able to come to properly and critically analyze this topic overall. This is what will be dissertated in the following.
One of the first things that needs to be known here is that the life expectancy of a person with an intellectual disability is approximately twenty years lower than that of the general population (Bittles et al, 2002), and not only that, but as well, obesity for people with intellectual disabilities is up to three times the level in the general population. ...
ntal care; and as well, disability services have rightly moved away from that of a 'medical motel' but without the proper systems having been established in order to ensure appropriate and proper health care.
Children's perceptions concerning health-related actions exchanged with parents, siblings, and school personnel were studied. Five- to twelve-year-olds (n = 1,674) reported receiving and initiating health actions related mainly to the promotion of healthy lifestyle behaviors, but promotion of harmonious interpersonal relationships, helping behaviors, and therapeutic acts also occur Results show that children do not see themselves solely as receiving health care and advice from others, but also as acting upon others' health. The findings provide information about children's perceptions of bidirectional health-related actions between themselves and others; aspects of health cognitions and health socialization that have received little attention and that are of interest from a primary prevention perspective. Furthermore, in 1982, a Cross-National Survey on Health Behaviours in School-Aged Children (HBSC) was initiated by researchers from three countries: England , Finland , and Norway . Shortly thereafter, the project was adopted by thes World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe as a WHO Collaborative study. Between 1983/84 and 1989/90 three more surveys were conducted and the number of participants climbed to 16 countries, including Canada . HBSC surveys are now administered every four years. Currently, Canada has participated in the 1989/90, 1993/94, 1997/98 and 2001/02 survey cycles and the number of participating countries has climbed to 35.
A major goal of this international approach is to influence health promotion and health education