AIDS was first reported in summer 1981 in the USA as an unknown disease, called “manly cancer”. For the first year about 1600 cases were diagnosed, which resulted in 700 deaths. In 1983 American Center for Disease Control introduced the term AIDS. In 1984 Dr. Robert Gallo in collaboration with the specialists of Institute Pasteur of France discovered HIV as a cause of AIDS. As the amount of deaths was increasing (in 1987 there were 71,000 of registered cases of AIDS and 40,000 of lethal cases), medical scientists started intensive research work, directed on creating a cure for AIDS. (Cichocki) Unfortunately, there is still no cure for this disease, so numerous biology and medical specialists continue their studies and experiments. It was discovered that AIDS can not be transmitted by usual contacts, like sharing the meals or towels, using the same phone or swimming pool, doing handshake, etc. Nowadays the problem of prevention of further spread of this terrible epidemic is extremely topical, especially in the regions of Sub Saharan Africa, Caribbean and Asia, where the amount of infected people exceeds 8% of the population, and the number of deaths runs into millions. (Cichocki) Of course, HIV/AIDS affects children. According to UNIADS report, in 2004 about 2.2 mln children had HIV, but this data may not reflect the real situation due to substantial lack of HIV monitoring devices in African regions, where 80% of HIV affected people live.
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AIDS is one of the most terrible and devastating diseases of our times, which brought millions of deaths all around the world. It is caused by a virus, called HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus can be transmitted through transfusion of blood, during sexual intercourses, by sharing a needle when having injection, or from mother to child…
Robert Gallo, a renowned AIDS researcher was a co discoverer of the virus causing AIDS despite several controversies. He has made several contributions and subsequent AIDS research. AIDS is caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The HIV/AIDS virus has remained the leading global threat to health.
The author states that HIV and the disease that it generated AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome had become a cause of concern after some 25 million people all over the world had died and an estimated 40 million had carried the disease since the virus was first identified in 1981. In 2007, 33.2 million people had been infected with the virus.
However, there are also CD4+cells within the central nervous system, these being the microglial cells which are of monocyte or macrophage lineage. These cells can be productively infected by HIV in vitro, and in vivo there is evidence of an HIV-induced cytopathic effect since syncytia-like, multi-nucleated cells are seen in the brains of HIV-infected individuals.
This is quite natural considering the resources on hand. But any kind of resources or caring help does not create much a difference to the deprived child. Problems of children are the same all over the world. Perhaps it is worse in advanced countries as children are bereft of relatives and communities in the western world.
AIDS is an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and is clear from its name, that the disease is characterized by a sudden and immense weakening of the immune system, which renders it vulnerable to all sorts and numbers of diseases, infections and cancers. As the immune system of a human body is gradually destroyed, the risk of its getting more diseases increases and the person loses his overall health to the disease.
However, the citizens of the developed world are educated and AIDS / HIV prevention programs have met with greater success despite the sexually permissive cultures. HIV prevention has become a critical global issue because more then 42 million people are infected with HIV / AIDS globally and it has been estimated that another 45 million will become infected unless significantly improved prevention efforts are attempted with success.
In Zambia one quarter of the city population is infected and one in seven people are infected in rural areas (Feachem 2007:Internet). In contrast to this these tragic statistics, in Uganda, there is now a real prospect of an almost AIDS-free generation of high-school-age children (anon2 2006:Internet).
AIDS has already taken the lives of tens of thousands. And if current estimates prove correct, it could take millions of additional lives in the near future. As deaths from this modern plague mounted and no cure was found.
The disease is defined as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a human viral disease that ravages the immune system, undermining the body's ability to defend itself from infection and disease.
However it was established later that the first case in history was that of a man in Belgian Congo in 1959 whose blood sample was analyzed for the virus later as he had died from some unidentifiable disease (fohn.net). It was established later that
The history of AIDS throughout the world is rich enough as to make this syndrome as an epidemic. Though the identification of AIDS for the first time took place in 1980s and since then the epidemic has affected and infected unexampled number of people throughout the
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