In a nutshell remote surgery also referred to as telesurgery can be defined as the ability for doctors to carry out surgery even when they are physically absent from the same location. It takes a model of telepresence. Remote surgery merges components of robotics, sophisticated communication technology for example high speed connection to data and elements of Management Information Systems (MIS) (Dasguta 56). Given that the area of robotic surgery is fairly established in many parts, majority of these robots are operated by doctors at the same venue of the surgery. But basically remote surgery is sophisticated telecommunication for surgeons, and whereby the distance physically between the patient and the surgeon is immaterial. It is a great promise to get the expertise of surgery specialists to have the means to reach out to patients without distance limitation, and without the essence for patients to go beyond their respective hospital.
Basically not all surgery robots are of equality. There are various types of robotic surgery namely: telesurgical system, supervisory-controlled systems, and shared-control system. The core variance between each of the above is significantly how the surgeon shall be when carrying out this vital procedure (Yogesan 212). On one side of the spectrum, robots achieve surgical techniques without direct involvement of a surgeon. On the other end, surgeons carry out surgery with the involvement of a robot, however given that the doctor does most of the job.
Advantages of Robotic Surgery This innovation is generating positive response from the consumers and thus more and more hospitals are buying and investing into this technology. These system promises huge potential to increase the effectiveness and safety of surgeries. Most likely in today’s operating rooms you will find several surgeons, several nurses and an anesthesociologist all performing specific roles in the process. Most surgeries will need nearly ten people in the operation room. And with the automation logic coming to play, surgical robots are slowly but steady eliminating the need for some staff in the operation room. If we could projection in the future, surgery will surely need only one surgeon, one or two nurses and an anesthesiologist. In this almost empty room, the surgeon sits at a computer system, either out or inside the operating room, utilizing the surgical robot to achieve what it took many people to be done(Dasguta 156). The utilization of a computer system to carry out operations from far distance gives way to the idea of telesurgery, which shall include a doctor performing vulnerable surgery distance away from