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Japanese Health System - Essay Example

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Nearly 84% of Japanese hospitals are privately run (Reid, 2009). The same is applicable to almost 90% of her clinics. Japan Health System has no limitations on capital development except for the regional cap on hospital beds according to views by Campbell and Ikegami (2010). Globally, the country has the highest per capita number of CT scans and MRIs according to WHO (2010) reports. Japan Health System differs from other health systems in the world in a number of ways. Firstly, the health system is not tightly organized as is the case with others. This is attested by the fact that nearly all health care clinics are owned and run by their practicing medicals doctors, whereas majority of the hospitals are doctor-owned free standing utilities (Reid, 2009). Nevertheless, the prominent hospitals are either public or owned by learning institutions particularly universities and colleges as well as other not-for- profit bodies like the Red Cross (Campbell and Ikegami, 2010). The government of Japan prohibits business people from operating clinics or hospitals for profit. In this view, Japan’s law requires those opening clinics or hospitals to be qualified medical doctors (Klazinga, 2010). Secondly, health care providers in Japan are far less functionally differentiated than those in the other developed countries as noted by WHO (2010) reports. The sick may visit clinics or hospitals without referral or appointment and are attended and treated on the same day (Reid, 2009). A large percentage of hospitals keep big outpatient departments from which they take their in-patients. With the exception of doctors who own and run private clinics or hospitals, all medical workers are employed and get fixed pay in line with...
Globally, Japan has been said to have the lowest per capita health care expenditures. It is also believed to have the healthiest population in the world. This is attributed to the widespread accessibility of high-quality health care to all. Other factors that may have contributed to a health population are lifestyle aspects like low rates of obesity and violence.
All residents in Japan have health insurance cover for drugs, services and dental care. They remit insurance premiums relative to their income levels to join the insurance pool ascertained by their workplace or residence. Health cover providers do not compete since they all provide the same health insurance for the same price. Residents freely select their insurers and health care providers who likewise freely choose the treatment for their patients.
Reimbursement rates to physicians and health facilities are revised biennially. fees paid to physicians and health facilities in Japan are quite minimal, frequently close to 30% of the one in other advanced countries. Comparatively, provision of primary care in Japan is more lucrative than provision of more specialized care. This means that physicians get different incentives than US physicians. As a result, the Japanese are three times more likely than Americans to go to the doctor, but receive fewer surgical operations.
Japan is a classless country and health care impoverishment is unknown. One’s income level has perhaps less influence on the volume and quality of health care received compared to other States. Insurance premiums are trivial concerns for majority and low-income earners and the aged receive subsidies to meet health care costs.The Japan health system is best in the world for chronic care. ...Show more
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Summary

This paper examines the ways in which Japanese health system is managing to achieve greater access and quality improvement in the context of rising health spending. It will do this by depicting Japan’s health care delivery and financing systems in relation to cost control strategies. The paper will wind up by explaining the present reform plan and its potential for success…
Japanese Health System
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