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Well being and physical difficulties - Essay Example

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The term wellbeing is synonymous to a state of being healthy. World Health Organization defines health as a “condition of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing and not just the lack of disease or disability”.In context to this definition, wellbeing is associated with leading a good life…
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Well being and physical difficulties
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Well being and physical difficulties

The term wellbeing is synonymous to a state of being healthy. World Health Organization (WHO, 2011) defines health as a “condition of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing and not just the lack of disease or disability”.In context to this definition, wellbeing is associated with leading a good life. However, what constitutes to good life remains a debatable issue that researchers have interrogated for many years without a conclusive finding. Andrews and Withey (1976) argued that any factor that undermines the health of people affects the quality of life adversely. This paper examines the effects of physical difficulties on the wellbeing of people. Determinants of wellbeing and health A combination of several factors determines the health status of individual persons and the society. These factors include the environment and the conditions that people live in (WHO 2011). According to World Health Organization (2011), the environmental condition of our residential areas, genetic constitution, income status and the level of education play a crucial role in determining the state of our health. Other factors include the state of our relations with family and friends. All these health-determining factors are grouped into three categories, namely the physical environment, characteristics and behavior of an individual, in addition to the social and economic environment where people live in (WHO, 2011). In this regard, the state in which people live has a profound effect on their health status. Some of these factors are within the control of people involved while others are not. The level of income determines the ease at which people access necessities to enhance the quality of their lives. Therefore, it is apparent that people with higher income levels have better health compared to low-income earners. A study conducted by WHO (2011) established that the greater the economic disparity between the poorest and the richest people in the society, the wider the variation in their health status. High income is associated with access to better nutrition, housing, health and education, which are important necessities for wellbeing. Education is a crucial factor that determines health and wellbeing of people in any given society. According to WHO (2011), illiterate and lowly educated people have poor health than the highly educated persons. In addition, they have higher level of mental stress and diminished self-esteem than literate people do. The level of education determines how a person utilizes the environment for personal fulfillment and economic advancement. Because of the low level of education, such people have limited access to better opportunities with improved incomes. Besides securing better opportunities, education empowers people to make informed health decisions. These include maintaining high level of sanitation and leading a healthy lifestyle irrespective of their level of income and the immediate environment. Physical environment, which includes access to clean and safe water, unpolluted air, safe and clean housing in addition to secure environs enhances the quality and subsequent wellbeing of people (WHO, 2011). Equally important, employed people especially those in good control of their working conditions are happier that jobless persons. In addition, social support from family, friends and the larger community plays significant role in promoting personal wellbeing. People in close and supporting social relationships with families and friends lead healthier lives (Diener, 2000). However, different communities have diverse cultural practices that promote or undermine the health of its members. For instance, some communities in different parts of the world practice female circumcision a tradition associated with adverse effects on the reproductive health of women. In some communities, children born with physical disabilities are isolated and in some cases left to die (Suh, et al 1998). Therefore, establishing good social relationsh ... Read More
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