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Diabetes - Research Paper Example

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Diabetes Diabetes is a group of diseases that affect the way that one’s body uses blood glucose, which is commonly referred to as blood sugar. To have diabetes, regardless of what type, means that the body simply has too much glucose within the blood. If there is an increased amount of glucose in the blood, the individual risks developing further health complications…
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Diabetes

Diabetes is a complex disease, primarily due to the distinct types and the various ways that it can be caused, and it is important to understand all that encompasses the disease. There are four types of diabetes, which are Type 1, Type 2, gestational and prediabetes. Type 1 diabetes, more commonly known as juvenile diabetes, is when the pancreas stops producing a healthy amount of insulin. Insulin is vital in the process of allowing glucose to enter cells to create energy (Tattersall, 2009). Type 2 diabetes, which is more prevalent, is when the body becomes impervious to the influence of insulin, or else does not make enough insulin. Gestational diabetes can occur as a result of pregnancy and causes high blood sugar. Unlike the aforementioned types of diabetes, a woman with gestational diabetes usually has normal sugar a few weeks after delivery. Prediabetes occurs when one’s blood sugar level is significantly high, but has not increased enough to be categorized as Type 1 or 2 diabetes. With proper treatment and intervention techniques, a person can avoid prediabetes resulting in another type of diabetes. The signs and symptoms of diabetes are dependent on the type of diabetes, as well as how high or low an individual’s blood sugar is. ...
People with diabetes can also experience exhaustion, trouble with their vision, such as blurriness, and an increase in blood pressure. More extreme symptoms include sores and injuries that are slow to heal, keystones in the urine, which are created when muscle and fat are broken down when there is not enough insulin, and frequent infections of the gums or skin. As with the symptoms, the causes of diabetes differ from each type. With all diabetic types, though, the blood glucose plays the most important role. Before the distinct causes can be understood, is it necessary to understand the role of glucose. Glucose “is a main source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and other tissues (Barnett & Grice, 2011).” Glucose is made from two sources, which are food and the liver. While food is being digested, the sugar is soaked up into the bloodstream and then, through the help of insulin, enters the cells. Insulin comes from the pancreas, allowing insulin to enter the bloodstream and decrease the levels of sugar. When not enough insulin is being produced, the blood sugar level becomes higher than is customary. How the pancreas and glucose level react to the presence or absence of insulin is what sparks the onset of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is caused by the immune system destroying the insulin-producing cells located in the pancreas. In a normal body, sugar would be sent to the cells, but in a diabetic body, the sugar continues to build up in the bloodstream. The immune systems refuses to let the insulin do its job by not allowing the insulin to exist. Type 2 diabetes, as well as prediabetes, is caused by the resistant of the cells to insulin, which causes a buildup of sugar in the blood. The pancreas becomes unable to make enough insulin to completely ... Read More
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