Tuskegee Syphillis study and Johns Hopkins lead paint research are some of the controversial medical researches conducted in the past without taking permission from the subjects. This paper critically analyses these two studies. Tuskegee Syphillis study was arguably the most infamous medical study conducted in the history of American medical science. This controversial clinical study was conducted over a period of 40 years, between 1932 and 1972. It was conducted by American public health department at Alabama to learn more about the spreading of syphilis disease among poor people. This study became controversial since the authorities hide the actual objectives of this study from the subjects. The patients thought that they may get free treatments from the government and cooperated fully with the researchers. By the time the study was exposed in 1972 and ended on November 16th of the same year, 28 men had died of syphilis, 100 others were dead due to syphilis related complications, at least 40 wives had been infected and 19 children had contracted the disease at birth. On July 23rd, eight months after the Tuskegee syphilis study was abandoned, a $1.8 billion class action suit was filed against the institutions and individuals involved. Prominent civil rights lawyer, Fred Gray, demanded $3 million in damages for each living participant and the heirs of the deceased. The case, however, never came to trial and in December 1974 and out of court settlement was made. The government agreed to the distribution of $10 million, whereby each survivor received $37,500 in damages and the heirs of the deceased received $15,000 (Tuskegee Syphilis Study) Johns Hopkins lead paint research was another controversial medical research which was identical to the Tuskegee Syphillis study. It was conducted in the world famous John Hopkins University in 1990’s to test “how well different levels of repair in Baltimore rental housing worked to reduce lead in the blood of inner-city children”(Lewin). This study became controversial following the death of a healthy young volunteer in June 2001. The John Hopkins University researchers failed to warn the subjects about the possible threats of this study and the danger this study could cause to the subjects. This study forced healthy children to live in potentially dangerous housing and many of the children who were utilized by the researchers later developed health problems like asthma, lung diseases, breathing problems etc. The researchers argued that they have taken the consent of the parents for using their children for this study. However, it should be noted that “neither researchers nor parents, have the legal right to put healthy children into a study that offers them no benefit and carries real hazards. Children who ingest lead can suffer brain damage” (Lewin). The study, which ran from 1993 to 1995, was conducted in 100 homes contaminated with lead paint. In Baltimore city more than 100000 homes have lead paint and over 4000 children annually test positive for raised serum lead levels. The aim of the study was to find a cheaper and less hazardous way of removing lead paint than stripping the paint off the walls. The work was funded largely by a government grant (Josefson) In both of the above mentioned medical research cases, the researchers never bothered much in
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Name of author: Tuskegee Syphillis study and Johns Hopkins lead paint research So many researches are going on in the field of medical science in order to find out solutions for preventing some epidemic diseases. In most of the cases, researchers often inform the subjects or the patients about the nature of their study and the intentions or objectives of the research…
Tuskegee syphilis experiment took forty years, from 1932 to 1972, though it was initially designed to take six months. The United States Public Health Service undertook the study in the Alabama in the Macon County. According to CDC (2009), the study involved 399 men infected with syphilis and 201 were not infected.
Irrespective of disease prevalence in a particular group of population, medical trials should not be carried out on human beings including prisoners without enforcement of proper regulations. In this paper, I vehemently disagree with Dr Albert Kligman supposition to use prisoners in medical trials in order to research and possibly discover curative medical interventions for HIV and hepatitis C infections.
This was one of the most horrifying events happening in the 20th century, and was considered to be more driven more by hatred against the African-American community, than for scientific research. 399 African- Americans suffering from syphilis were chosen for this study, and 201 normal men were picked, who performed as the control for the experiment.
Moreover, the importance lies in the fact that the researchers involved in study of infectious diseases should follow basic ethics while experimenting which was not followed in Tuskegee experiment.
WEEK 2 DISCUSSION: There are a number of websites out there that give information about basic immunology.
Scientists use placebo controls instead of proper treatment in HIV experiments; and penicillin was held back to study syphilis in the Tuskegee subjects. Difference is that HIV experiments have not been
According to Allan Brandt, this study was a shame to American medical research. Brandt states that 400 men, in Alabama, died as public officials and doctors watched, in a scientific study that did not produce meaningful
Even though JHU is ranked 13th in the US, I feel that Johns Hopkins has invested much of their resources in the medical department. Even though they provide some opportunity for other majors as well, but medical field is supported with distinction compared to other disciplines. This is the reason why I want to transfer.
He describes the Quercy region as being covered with rugged gray limestone plateaus that are separated by fertile valleys and farmland. He describes the area as being a centre of discussion by the locals and also being rich and robust. The locals find beauty in the
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the John Hopkins School of Medicine dedication to the delivery of quality of service and maintaining of patient safety has made it the best in the industry. With its current and future initiatives, the institution will continue being an industry leader for years to come.
However, several protections are put in place for the participants.
It is fundamental that those who participate in medical research get protection rights. In the past, there were no protection rights for the participants
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