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Foundations in surgical care - Essay Example

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Foundations in surgical care

The intention of this study is surgical care as an important aspect of health care. Statistics reveal that over 235 million operations are conducted annually on a global scale. Surgery is performed in various parts of the world and in various settings; rural or urban and for the rich and poor. Surgery is an important aspect in health care as it prolongs longevity in life by correcting various conditions and disabilities. Regardless of this fact, surgery is associated with various complications and death. Therefore, surgical care and its potential complications require noteworthy attention from all stakeholders in the health care sector. The term ‘’intraoperative’’ denotes time that is spent during a surgical procedure. Intraoperative care on the other hand refers to care that is accorded to patients ancillary to an operation and during an operation. Intraoperative care entails various activities and aspects that include; monitoring of the patient’s vital signs (pulse rate, breathing rate, blood pressure and temperature), monitoring of oxygen levels, medication transfusion, fluid therapy, anaethesia, retrieving of laboratory test samples and radiography. Many medical practitioners provide intraoperative care; anaethesiologists, nurses, nurse anaethesists, surgeons, surgical technicians and residents. Therefore, all these work as a team so that the best medical care is accorded to patients and patients’ chances for faster recovery are boosted....
The principal purpose of intraoperative care is to ensure that comfort and safety are both provided to patients during surgical interventions. Goals of the procedure include; maintaining body homeostasis during the procedure, maintenance of sterility during the procedure so that chances of cross-infection are reduced during the procedure, ensuring that the patient being operated upon is secure while on the operating table and taking preventive measures against hematoma formation. Maintenance of homeostasis is one of the most important aspects of intraoperative care as it ensures that body components are not affected during the procedure (Haynes et al, 2008). A lot of blood may be lost during the procedure leading to hypovolaemic shock which may prove difficult to resuscitate. However, intraoperative care should not only be directed towards patients. Members of the operating team may also be affected in many respects during the procedure; hence, care should also be taken to ensure that they are safe during the surgical procedure. All members of the team need to guard themselves from surgical site infections that may result from accidental trauma and inhalation of pathogens in the operating room. As much as surgeons are trying their best to save lives on the operating table, their lives are of utmost importance. WHO Checklist The enhanced complexity of healthcare has led to an increased number of medical errors in surgical practice. About 10% of hospitalized patients in the UK experience safety incidents, but most of these incidents are largely preventable. This represents about 100,000 preventable deaths every year in hospital settings. Statistics have also shown that 1 in 8 British individuals undergo a ...Show more
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From this research it is clear that the principal purpose of intraoperative care is to ensure that comfort and safety are both provided to patients during surgical interventions. However, intraoperative care should not only be directed towards patients…
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