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Current Healthcare Reforms in the USA - Research Paper Example

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The research demonstrates both strengths and weaknesses in the current Healthcare Reform Policy. Based on this discussion and the emerging issues, a number of recommendations geared at either achieving quality or economic or a combination of both in terms of results can be established…
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Current Healthcare Reforms in the USA
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Current Healthcare Reforms in the USA

The paper tells that healthcare reform that was part of Obama’s top agenda during the campaigns in presidential elections, followed by a raft of activities during the term that eventually led to the signing into law of bills that saw healthcare reform roll out. The driving concept for the government’s efforts towards healthcare reform had always been to seek to provide affordable and quality healthcare to all Americans and to reduce the growth in healthcare spending. Cause for concern was and still is the ever-growing concern on the millions of Americans living without health insurance coverage, continual increase in cost and spending on healthcare and finally shortcomings in quality which is regrettable for a developed nation like the US. On the backdrop of this, President Obama signed into law two bills in 2010 that define his administration’s policy in healthcare reform; the Patient protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) signed March 23, 2010 and the Healthcare and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 on March 30, 2010. An overview of PPACA indicates that its overall approach to expansion to insurance coverage access revolves around requiring most US citizens and legal residents to have health insurance, creation of state-based American Health Benefit Exchanges via those individuals who can purchase coverage, with premium and cost-sharing credits available to individuals/families with income between 133-400% of the federal poverty level and expansion of the Medicaid program to 133% of the federal poverty level. ...
In terms of addressing quality issues, PPACA directs federal healthcare spending to community-based healthcare centers and seeks to transform information management in healthcare into use of Electronic Medical Records (EMR)5. Obama’s healthcare reform policy has not been short on political debate dividing opinion into two clear sides along the Democrat and Republican stances. The President’s Democratic Party supports PPACA with the agenda of ensuring healthcare insurance is availed to all Americans, ensuring that employers are responsible for staff health cover, extension of insurance cover subsidies to middle-income individuals who do not have employer insurance and expansion of Medicaid to even more Americans. On the other hand, the Republican Party is largely opposed to Obama’s healthcare reform policy on the basis of rise in taxation due to the government’s plans to subsidize healthcare. The party is also opposed to government spending which would subsidize abortion which they are against in the first place. In addition, the government’s healthcare reform package draws opposition from the Republicans from point of view that it leads to too much involvement of the government in healthcare which was against neo-liberal ideas of the free market6. Strengths in the current Healthcare Reform Policy The very first achievement to be realized upon full implementation and practice of PPACA would be an increase in the number of individuals who access medical cover. The exact figures quoted are a massive 32 million who, at the time of passing the bill, were individuals within the working age bracket who had no medical cover. The law now ... Read More
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