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Obesity - Essay Example

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Obesity is a health condition related to different forms of metabolic abnormalities that can be expressed during childhood and adolescence such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance which can lead to cardiovascular disease during adulthood. Records show that the trend of obesity is on the rise in Europe specifically in the Mediterranean region. For example, in Italy, 4 million of the 60 million people were confirmed obese. The said condition is evident in the younger generations especially the children of ages 7 to 11. Data showed this trend across the European continent. Percentage of obese or overweight children in Italy is 36%, 35% in Malta, 34% in Spain, 31% in Greece, 21% in United Kingdom,18% in Sweden and 15% in Denmark (Simopoulos and Visioli, 2007, p.97). This had raised questions regarding the food in the said region. The following years then, the Mediterranean region had been known trough the diet that they are consuming which had known to help resolve the problems of obesity and overweight. The Mediterranean diet refers to the type of diet and food composition in certain regions adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea which is typically made up of plant foods, fruits, dairy products, fish and poultry. Common plant foods include fruits, vegetables, potatoes, beans, nuts, and seeds. Olive oil is the main fat source and fruits are considered as dessert. Dairy products such as cheese and yogurt as well as eggs and poultry are consumed moderately. Red meats are only consumed in low amounts. Based on the composition, the diet is known to have low percentage of saturated fat and moderate to high total fat which contribute to the probable health benefits of consuming the said diet (Nonas and Foster, 2009, p.51). Due to the increasing popularity of the Mediterranean diet, there are numerous studies that analyzed and explored the health benefits and the contributions of the diet in the management of obesity and other related health conditions. Analysis of the Mediterranean Diet Even in the 1950s there were studies that explored the relationship of diet to the risk of health conditions such as cardiovascular disease. In the study to determine the effects of adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Europe and North America, results showed a decrease in mortality in the population. Specifically, one study showed that adherence to the diet resulted to 20% decrease in the risk for mortality (Nonas and Foster, 2009, p.53). There are different limitations in the said study such as the parameters used. Thus, in the succeeding researches body mass index (BMI) became the main basis of the measurement of the efficacy of the adherence to the Mediterranean diet. One of the studies was aimed to investigate the association between adherences to Mediterranean diet to the fasting indices of glucose homestasis in the Greek population. This was undertaken though random sampling of 1514 men and 1528 women of ages 18 to 89 in 2001 to 2002 from Attica, Greece. Based on the study’s conclusion, there is inverse relationship between adherence to the diet and the indices of glucose homestasis (Panagiotakos et al., 2007). Although the study is not focused on obesity alone, the glucose homestasis is related to the different contributing factors to obesity. The main limitation of the study is the inclusion of numerous parameters which although considered important to ...Show more
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Management of Obesity through Mediterranean Diet Obesity is one of the health concerns of the population around the world due to the dangerous effects it can bring about to the health of a person. Due to its increasing prevalence, different solutions and interventions are being established to fight obesity…
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