StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Pharmacology Report - Research Paper Example

Nobody downloaded yet
There are many different types of medications that are given for a wide variety of conditions, but one common factor is that they are made to affect the nervous system in some form. One drug that is commonly prescribed as an analgesic for pain relief is Pethidine, an opiate. Opiates originate in Asia that is extracted from the poppy plant. This is what gives it its psychoactive properties. The principle effect of the drug is it’s sedative effect, which makes it an effective central nervous system depressant as well as an analgesic. It has multiple chemical properties that can allow it to be converted into morphine, heroin, etc. This is what gives opiate-based medications the variability required for their many uses in the medical field. Pethidine is a narcotic analgesic designed to relieve moderate to severe pain. This type of drug is responsible for changing the pain receptors in the brain so that they can be less susceptible to the painful stimuli. It is available in many different forms such as in tablets, syrup, and through intravenous injection. Each method of consumption has a different rate of absorption and thus will have different rates of effect with intravenous being the fastest and most efficient. There are a wide range of side effects that can be encountered with the drug that range from lightheadness to vomiting as well as but not limited to headaches, fatigue, moodiness, etc. (Abadinsky, 2011). Pethidine is an opiate. Due to this, it has a specific mechanism of action. Opiods have specific receptors in the body that they interact with. There are three different types of receptors called mu, kappa, and sigma receptors. The mu receptors are located in the cerebral cortex, thalamus, the intestinal tract and along the spinal column. When opiates interact with these receptors, it causes a release of the GABA neurotransmitter which functions in alleviating any pain felt. The kappa receptors are located in the hypothalamus and along the spinal cord. When an opiate interacts with these receptors, it increases the dopaminergic reward system, which leads to an increase in dopamine, which creates euphoria as well as functions in causing hallucinations. The last type of receptor, the delta receptor, is located in the amygdale and deep within the cerebral cortex. It functions as relieving pain when these receptors are activated and can lead to respiratory stress if consumed in large quantities (Stahl, 2005). Since Pethidine is a narcotic, it is extremely addictive. This is due to the fact that it interacts with the dopaminergic reward system increasing levels of dopamine, which is a pleasure producing molecule. This leads into the patterns of tolerance and addiction. The more often that the drug is taken, the higher the threshold is in order for the user to reach the desired affect. Therefore, they must take more and more of the drug in order to satisfy the euphoria. As a result, they develop a biochemical tolerance in which they require the opiate in order to function at the same level. This is why narcotics and opiates are a Schedule I drug due to their high abuse potential and low medicinal value. An important part of prescribing medication is being aware of the drug interactions among different substances. Pharmacists are only able to predict the combined effects of two drugs, but nothing past that. In the case of Pethidine, it is dangerous to ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Pharmacology Report Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/43778-biop211-pharmacology-research-report
(Pharmacology Report Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/43778-biop211-pharmacology-research-report.
“Pharmacology Report Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/43778-biop211-pharmacology-research-report.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

Pharmacology Report The field of medicine has been developing since the first Greeks started treating the humors of the body. As the enlightened movement progressed and more advanced techniques in science were discovered, greater techniques were developed in the synthesis of chemicals that became known as pharmaceuticals…
Pharmacology Report
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"Pharmacology Report"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

The physiological basis of pharmacology
Logging into Flinders Learning Online with my FAN (Flinders Authentication Name) and password, to submit my assignment, will act in lieu of my signature. This Assignment Cover Sheet must be completed electronically before the assignment is submitted via the Assignment Manager in your Flinders Learning Online site.
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Pharmacology, Life stages as a factor in variability
Logging into Flinders Learning Online with my FAN (Flinders Authentication Name) and password, to submit my assignment, will act in lieu of my signature. This Assignment Cover Sheet must be completed electronically before the assignment is submitted via the Assignment Manager in your Flinders Learning Online site.
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
The physiological basis of pharmacology
Along with the release of adrenaline from the adrenal glands, the sympathetic nervous system is activated. All textbooks of pharmacology present tables and figures that illustrate the complex array of physiological effects produced by activation
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Pharmacology case study
John has called the Ambulance today after becoming spontaneously short of breath with chest pain while lying in bed. John also explains that as he went to get out of bed he noticed that he could hardly move his left
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Pharmacology, Life stages as a factor in variability
nce in age related doses depend upon apparent hepatic clearance for Highly Protein Bound drugs which includes impaired metabolic processes such as phase 1 oxidation and phase 2 glucuronidation, lack of certain proteins made by the liver (enzymes and plasma proteins) will not
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Pharmacology and Coumadin dosing
Currently, personalized medicine has been limited to screening small patient populations for only a single nucleotide polymorphism or a small number of SNPs, also including coumadin dosing. Case-control studies are important to pharmacogenomic studies, as well as investigations on unresponsive patients.
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Pharmacology of Addiction Discussion
According to Hanson, Venturelli, and Fleckenstein (2009) “everyday consumption of legal drugs – caffeine, prescription and OTC drugs, and alcohol – is fueled by the pace of modern lifestyles and greatly accelerated by the
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Report
arch, reports are important since they communicate the conclusions and recommendations and more so because they are an important tool convince the management that the findings are credible and justified by the results collected (Wiid & Diggines, 2010). Writing a concise and
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Evidence-Based Pharmacology Paper
The objective of the study is to focus over the problem and treatment process of pneumonia. The study further aims to analyze the factors causing pneumonia and discusses its impact over the health of people. Furthermore, the paper gives a brief description of entire process associated with pneumonia treatment.
15 pages (3750 words) Research Paper
Report
Consumer behavior patterns and responses are among the issues that have puzzled entrepreneurs since they directly influence market performance (Blythe 78). According to East, Wright and Vanhuele (101),
1 pages (250 words) Research Paper
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Pharmacology Report for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us