Organizational culture is based on shared beliefs and attitudes that are entrenched in the organization fundamentally relating to its history, present and future prospects. It develops over time with most of the positive characteristics that benefit the organization being retained while those with negative outcomes are rejected and avoided. Any new member in the organization is obligated to understand the organizational culture and practice it in all the organization’s deliberations. An organization’s culture can positively or negatively influence its endeavors. A strong and cohesive culture is necessary for competitiveness to be maintained (Hoe 2003). There are various aspects of culture that are observable in any given organization. Employee motivation is one the aspects that is critical to the overall organizational productivity. According to Morris (2002), happy employees are productive employees. If the management is able to maintain a culture of employee satisfaction it is likely to retain workers and also attract professionals in the labor market. Team building is also a significant aspect that enhances workplace relations as well as accomplishment of tasks in the workplace. Corporate social responsibility allows the organization to give back to the environment in which it operates. It also ensures that the employees’ wellbeing is taken care of. Integrating all members of the organization in the decision making process is also an important aspect that allows creativity among the employees. Open communication allows effective information flow thereby promoting awareness of organizational goals. Leaders must communicate their vision to their subordinates for it to generate meaning in their efforts to steer the organization to success (Schein 2000). 2. Culture is difficult to change and requires effort. Based on your readings on the topic, what conditions would need to exist if culture was amenable to change? Organizational culture requires effort to change especially due to the fact that most of the aspects are entrenched in the organization and are viewed by some people as the basis for success while others blame it for failure. It is necessary for the organization to maintain flexibility in its operations to allow new inventions and positive change. Some organizations have deep rooted cultures that are not easy to change and any change is met with resistance. Kesler (2002) recognized the role played by leadership in shaping organization development. Leaders should have clear value base for change to be accomplished. Employees should also be able to change behavior in order for change to take place. Their feelings are often overlooked in planning change, which leads to resentment and non-compliance. Workers should be adequately informed to prepare for change. Extensive research should also be conducted to ensure that change generates value (Hoe 2003). 3. Explain, in your own words, what organizational politics is and describe briefly its role in organizations Organizational politics involves actions by individuals in pursuit of self interests in complete disregard of other peoples’ interests in the organization. Organizational politics largely disagrees with the principle of shared goals, thereby being portrayed in a negative viewpoint. Nevertheless, it is an inescapable
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Running Head: MANAGING HEALTH SERVICES Name of student: Subject: Health Sciences and Medicine Topic: Managing Health Services Lecturer: Date of Presentation: 1. Describe your understanding of the term ‘organizational culture’. List the observable aspects of a culture and identify how you have either experienced them or witnessed them in organizations you have been a part of in recent years…
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