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The Policy Process - Essay Example

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Sycamnias (1998) quotes a dictionary definition of policy that states that policy is "any course of action followed primarily because it is expedient or advantages in a material sense". To this sense, policies are necessary because they are accompanied with a number of advantages that can be tapped for strategic governing of any institution such as a healthcare system or a nation as a whole. To achieve the full benefits of a policy however, there are certain necessary factors needs to be considered before getting a policy under way. In the healthcare system, some of these factors often turn out to be practices that have been used over a long period of time. This paper discusses one of such factors, which has to do with how long term care becomes a policy. Overview of Long Term Care Individual people have different health needs. Ultimately however, the prime goal of every health practitioner is to cause a maximum level of quality health status to all clients and patients. Where the achievement of quality health status in some people may tae very short time, other people require extensive and prolonged healthcare delivery to attain premium health status; thus long term care. Day (2011) notes that “when a person requires someone else to help him with his physical or emotional needs over an extended period of time, this is long-term care.” Most often than not, people seek long-term care in areas such as waling, counseling, feeding, dressing, bating, removing snow and administering medications. The fact of the case is that the need for a person to be on long term care is not limited to a group of people alone though the aged have a higher risk factor rate. It is said that the tendency of needing long term care is not limited to a particular group of people alone because Day opines that “the need for long-term care help might be due to a terminal condition, disability, illness, injury or the infirmity of old age”; something that anyone may be a victim of at any point in time in the person’s life. To the health profession, for long term care to become a policy is an issue of importance; especially considering the immense role that long term care plays in the daily life of a person. As noted earlier, polices serve as guiding principle for decision making and so the healthcare provider would always embrace long term care policy because it would help in realizing the aims and goals for healthcare delivery. Stages in Policy Process Before the long term care becomes a policy, there are a number of stages that the policy process will be taken through. Each of these stages plays an instrumental role in ensuring the final product, which is supposed to be the policy itself becomes a success. To this end, each stage ought to be treated with special importance and attention. The three major stages identified on the policy making process are discussed below. • Formulation stage The formulation stage may best be likened to the base stage where the entire process of policy building is conceived. Coffman (2007) identifies two major sub-stages involved at the formulation stage. Fundamentally, the formulation stage does not really get anything tangible in place. In light of this, Coffman (2007) notes that there is sub-stage known as the problem stage. At the problem ...Show more
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Summary

Policy Processes Introduction The formulation of policies is very important to every nation. Various organizations, agencies and institutions within a nation also need strong policy formations to ensure the successful running of their day to day affairs. Policies in this regard, serves as guiding principles, based on which a nation or an institution is governed…
The Policy Process
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