Vaccination is required every ten years with one being recommended during pregnancy if the mother has had only one inoculation or has never received the vaccine. Health care personnel are also vaccinated in many settings though cost is sometimes too prohibitive for this. Hospital infrastructure not only administers the Tdap they also track and analyze local area data. Educational programs are also important.
The World Health Organization reports 4,797 cases of tetanus in 2010 globally. Neonatal tetanus is much more common in developing countries where women give birth at home and in rural areas. This is a direct result from non-sterile equipment that the mother would receive were she in an up to date facility using precautions. This disease is targeted by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA for elimination. Because this disease has a working vaccination education, tracking and vaccination is the key to eradication.
It is recommended by Who that any new cases should be reported and neonatal cases should be reported separately than all other cases of tetanus (. Also recommended is that reporting sites meet once weekly/yearly or at a specified time even if there are no new cases and also active surveillance is recommended, suggesting that hospitals should be visited regularly to be investigated for new cases.
Reporting and tracking for neonatal tetanus seems efficient and adequate. The suggestion of meetings at specific time periods also confirms that communication has been taken into consideration and is also effective. Workforce training and screening is common, though in some areas prohibitively expensive for the hospitals economy. I think these are the most important needs, with education being primary. The possibility of education being offered in other areas as well such as in classroom setting in order to better screen and further eliminate tetanus by reaching individuals who may not be seen in the ...
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The incidence and severity of this condition is inversely related to the gestational age of the newborn infant. The condition contributes to significant morbidity and mortality among preterm population because of which it has been extensively studied, leading to several advances in the treatment like administration of antenatal steroids, placental transfusion, continuous positive airway pressure or CPAP administration, bubble nasal CPAP, surfactant therapy and supportive therapy (Pramanik and Rosenkranz, 2009).
This is achieved through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems; including physical, psychosocial and spiritual problems. More often this approach doesn’t involve use of medicine to relieve pain but focuses on other aspects of treatment that connect with the mind, spirit and the physical aspects of the patients and their families (WHO, 2011).
The conclusion from this study states that awareness and significance about the role of neonatal nurses are necessary to highlight various aspects of this profession. The neonatal nurses are equipped with immense knowledge, skills and interpersonal capabilities which enables them to deal with the acutely ill neonates.
Developmental care is defined as the strategies used in neonatal care units to enable in reduction of the level of stress that a premature infant goes through (Hamilton, Moore and Naylor, 2008, p. 190). According to Abbott and Israel (2008, p. 80), neonatal intensive care units organisation has effects on the development an infant’s brain and its organisation.
Conduction is the direct heat loss from the infant to the surface with which he or she is in direct contact, such as infant to the mattress. Convection is heat loss from the infant to the surrounding air. The wind passing over the skin can absorb heat from the neonate if it is colder.
During the 1950’s, 100 deaths due to neonatal tetanus was reported annually. In the late 1950’s the death rate was greatly reduced due to a change in the vaccine. (Tetanus Q&A). With the ability to vaccinate prior to exposure the ACIP
A large for gestation age baby is a baby who is bigger than other babies of the same age are.
Jaundice makes the white part of the eyes and the skin to turn yellow (Ehrenkranz et al, 2009). The condition is caused by elevation of the
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