Infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV results to a long-term and frequently fatal infection without any known cure characterized by a progressive immunodeficiency, a long clinical latency period and opportunistic infections (Sax, Cohen & Kuritzskes, 2010, p. 2). More than one million people in the United States and 30 million people worldwide are infected with HIV (Sax, Cohen & Kuritzskes, 2010, p. 2). Holtz (2012) gave emphasis that each year, almost three million people are affected by HIV, and AIDS or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is the leading cause of death for women of reproductive age.
African Americans comprise approximately 13% of the US population, yet this group accounted for the largest share of new infections in 2006 (Jenkins, 2009, p. 2009). Among the 56,300 persons diagnosed with HIV in 2006, 45% were African American, 17% were Hispanics, 35% were White Americans, about 2% were Asians/Pacific Islanders, and an estimated 1% of new infections were among American Indians/Alaska Natives (Jenkins, 2009, p. 2009).
The proposed program highlights a holistic approach in addressing HIV. The target population comprises of both men and women especially those belonging to the reproductive age. The goals of the program consist of reducing sexual transmissions thus leading to prevention of HIV and elimination of new infections specifically among children. Moreover, it aims to provide people access to treatment, eliminate gender inequalities, stigma and discrimination. In addition, it endeavors to promote optimum standard of life for those already with the disease.
The program will be called “Targeting HIV as a whole”. It will utilize methods of providing education and awareness especially regarding the etiology of the disease and its transmission. It also stresses the importance of having only one partner. Vital information can be ...